JUNE 1952 i KumDMUx t timitm > ► Ci%PAlfrm.PiJ OF AlUf4N+ ACT+VlttES NEW ^dttK «ac t4. Y. (^Literature • ^^rt Senior ^^nnual USroolztun, Aune^ 52 i r I I i i I I i Elchanite Staff 3 Administration 4 Faculty 5 Graduating Classes 9 Graduates 12 Hall of Fame 36 Diary 38^ Montage 40 Activities 42 Student Court 43 G. O 44 Arista 46 Debating 48 Service Squad 50 Library 52 Band 54 T. A. Publications 55 Athletics 56 Literature 57 Ode To Israel ... A Poem By Alan Scher 58 Survival In The Forest ... By Moses Silberberg 59 Fear ... A Poem By Melvin Zekfsky 61 Syrian Jewry . . By Marvin Blackman 62 Rembrandt And The Jews ... By Herzl Eisenstadt 63 John Steinbeck ... By Herbert Dym 65 Beethoven: A Study in Genius ... By Herbert Leibowitz 68 Time ... A Poem By Joseph Kahane 70 Education ... A Poem By Alan Seelenfreund 70 The Expedition That Failed ... By Bernard Erlbaum 71 Eternalized Words ... A Poem By Bernard Erlbaum 72 Changing Views Of The American Revolution ... By Marvin Blackman 73 Be Glad That You Were Born ... A Poem By Alan Scher 75 State Scholarship Winners - 76 Advertisements 77 Editnr-in-Chief Joshua Teitelbauni Co-Editor ^Marvin Blackman A ctivities — ^Herbert Dym Herbert Leibowitz Jiff Leon Bernstein Bernard Nemerson Business Managers ^Alter Kevelson Morton Kwestel Harold Neustadter Alan Seelenfreund Photography -Morris Stillman Melvin Zelefsky Faculty Advisers Harry Allan Robert E. Bassell Rabbi Baruch N. Faivelson Art Associates Micha Botknecht Gilbert Goldfine Typing Squad Joseph Book Arthur Cantor Ishay Drazin Stanley Fischman George Klein DR. SAMUEL BELKIN President RABBI ABRAHAM N. ZUROFF Administrator DR. SHELLEY R. SAPHIRE Principal /IdfminUtMtioH m. t is with extreme joy that we congratulate the class of 1952. May you reflect in }our daily lives the harmonious blending of Torah knowledge and the wisdom of Hellas, with keener emphasis on the "beauty of holiness" rather than the "holiness of beauty". In this spirit we bid \ou farewell. THE ADMINISTRATION MR. SAMUEL LEVINE Executive Director MR. ALLAN MR. CANTOR MR. BASSELL ^aculttf MR. EPSTi;iN RABBI I-A1\ l-.L^C)i\ MR. GODIN MR. GROSSMAN MR. GOLD l^^f •^>T-,y 1 tv^' ^ V RABBI HERSKON ICS MR. JACOBS MR. KALLNER MR. LANDOWNE MR. LEBOWITZ MR. LILKER MR. TURETSKY MRS. LHVITON -T'fir-^Tr^v-p ¥ %f^ ^yruaustj 51 SAMUEL BERGER Sam, whose Massad career was interrupted by school last summer, is now at Y.U. where he hopes to become a rabbi. It is rumored that he has al- ready agreed to officiate at Traub's wedding, but modest Sam denies the story. Happiness is the key to success. CHARLES COHEN Charlie, the "C" of C.B.S. and home-run hitting star of our Lag B'Omer outings, was the star pupil of a certain "old fossil" in his Biology days. A career in pharmacy is the ambition of this young man. A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds — Emerson. GILBERT DAVIDOWITZ "Divi", who numbers among his achievements at T.A. the titles of chief librarian and chief nuisance to Mrs. Leviton, was the T.V. expert of his class. Now a Political Science major at Y.U., Gil secretly hopes to be a composite Arthur God- frey, Bert Parks and Barry Gra)'. Knows all, sees all, hears all. WALTER HULKOWER MarVELous Vel, the guy with a good word for everybody, is another member of the Brooklyn delegation to T.I. One of four members of his class to make the basketball varsity in his high school days, Vel is also an accomplished accordion- ist and an ardent admirer of Dick Contino. When you're smiling, the whole world smiles with you. NEIL ISRAEL Nissan, another Massad-ite, is also a staunch "chav- er" of the Bnei Akiva. One of the three delegates (as his former history teacher would put it) from Crown Heights, Izzie, the Hebrew scholar of his class, is at present studying at Yeshiva U. Half a league, half a league onward, into the Land of ISRAEL. MARTIN LOWENHEIM The holder of the title of class Casanova, Me\er was also on the basketball varsit)' where he starred for two years. Meyer kept his classmates enter- tained with his excellent "trumpet" renditions. Happy melodist, unwearied, forever piping songs — Keats. 13 NATHAN OLSHIN The former Secretary-Treasurer of the G.O. is the only August '51er to become a Columbia man. Hailing from Boro Park and also a staunch Dodger fan, Natie may often be found imitating the second half of a famous team of "meshugin- ers". (We LIKE him, we LIKE him). Hail to thee blithe spirit Shelley HAROLD RIGHTMAN Harold, a fine Talmudist, was always on hand to help a friend in need. At many of our school functions Harold delighted us with his fine melo- dious voice. He is continuing his studies in Talmud at the Mir Yeshiva, and his secular studies at Brooklyn College. "Little drops of water, little grains of sand. Make the mighty ocean, and the pleasant land. Little deeds of kindness, little words of love. Help to make earth happy like the heaven above." — Fletcher HAROLD SGHEINMAN This member of the Williamsburg delegation gained fame in his Senior year in T.A. as editor of "The Star." Harold, one of the most popular members of his class, was also considered to be a "fine boy" by his French teacher. — 14 — ISAAC SHERMAN As G.O. Vice-President in his Senior year, Izie helped organize the Student Court and was a mem- ber of it in its first year. Now at Y.U. where he is a Sociology major, Izie aspires to be a lawyer. School was just another extra-curricular activity. DAVID SILBER The editor of that outstanding underground news- paper, "The Tabloid," Davy was a staunch defend- er of freedom of the press, even in the face of a certain English teacher, who ordered his "boys" to discontinue publication of this scandal sheet. Al- ways an ardent Zionist, David has fulfilled his dreams by going to Israel, where he is now study- ing. Whate'er he did was done with so much ease — Dry den GERALD TRAUB Gerald, the outcast in Brooklyn (a Yankee fan), was president of his class in his Senior year and Business Manager of the Elchanite. He is now a Pre-Med major at Y.U. and hopes to be one of the first graduates of the Yeshiva Medical School. Dr. Traub. I presume? — 15 3' une. '52 ELLIOTT ABERBAGH > Arista Vice leader 8; Arista Secretary 7; Student Court 7, 8; Class President 8; Class Secretary 6; Service Squad 7; Librarian 6; T.A. Publications 1, 2. Although Abbie had an affinity for coming late, he accomplished much in the few minutes he was present. An excellent student and well liked, he will continue (coming late) at Y.U. where he will major in Math. Abbie, Abbie, wherefore art thou, Abbie? LEON BERNSTEIN Art Editor of Elchanite 7, 8; T.A. Publica- tions Art Squad 1, 2; T.A. Publications typist 6; Service Squad 7; Sanitation Manager 4, 5, The clown prince of our class, Leon glibly M.C.'d the school's first "Talent Night". His gift of comedy helped him make the teachers pass him. He plans to plague the profs at Y.U. with his barbed wit. All T.A. is a stage and Leon the STAR. LOUIS BERNSTEIN Service Squad 8; Sanitation Manager 7, 8; French Club 7. In his short time in T.A., Louis has proven to be a conscientious student. His forte is Mr. Bassell's economics class. Louis plans to major in History at Yeshiva. He is worth his weight in gold. 16 — MARVIN BLAGKMAN Arista Leader 8; Arista 5, 6, 7, 8; G.O. Vice President 7; Student Court 7, 8; Associate editor-in-chief of the Elchanite 7, 8; Service Squad 7, 8; Class President 3, 5; Class Vice President 1; Class Debating Manager 4: Class Debating Team 1-8; School Debating Team 6, 7 , 8 ; Library Squad 1, 2. Marvin is tops in whatever he does. His talents run the gamut from an excellen;: student to an expert impersonator of an inebriate to a fine Talmud student. He expects to apply his talents at Y.U. He drinks deep at the bar of knowledge. SHELDON BLAGKMAN Arista 8; Head of Student Court 8; G.O. President 8; Inter-Yeshiva Council 8; Class President 7 ; Class Athletic Manager 4; Class Debating Team 1-8. Author of the autobiography "Mr. President", Sheldon is taking Dick Kazamier's place at Princeton where, in his spare time, he will study Psychology. He hopes to graduate in "Princeton Class of '56" (by hypnotizing his teachers). As president lie made quite a name. To graduate Princeton is his aim. JOSEPH BOOK Arista 8; Service Squad 7, 8; Class Secretary 8; Class Debating Team 6J,8; G.O. Typing Squad 7,8; Book Squad 7; "STAR" reporter 6; Elchanite Typing Squad S.6J.S. Joe is a little fellow who gets things done in j big way. Williamsburg can be proud of its am- bassador to T.A. who will shift his headquarters to Y.U. in the fall. .4 worthy edition to any school library. — 17 — ISAAC CHESIR Class Vice President 8; T.A. Publications 1, 2; Class Sanitation Manager 3; Class De- hating Team 5. Isaac, who was twenty-percent of the French class, is "a fine boy" in Dr. Lichtenstein's estimation. He will follow in his father's footsteps and study engineering at City College. Hard work never killed anybody — Isaac isn't taking any chances. GERALD COHEN Arista 5-8; G.O. President 7 ; Student Court 6-8; Class President 4, 6; Class Vice Presi- dent 2; Service Squad 2-6; Librarian 5; T.A. Publications 1, 2; Band Leader 8. Jerry, as one of the charter members of the bi- cycle brigade, blazed the trail to Central. During his tenure as G.O. President, he successfully ran T.A., though sometimes by remote control. He will study engineering. He learned much at the two high schools he attended. AARON DOBIN Service Squad 7 , 8 ; School Band 7, 8; Presi- dent of Band 8 ; Vice President of Band 7. Aaron is the "Les Paul" of T.A. This Brooklyn cowboy will settle in the wide open confines of Y.U., where he will use his musi il skill to aid him in becoming a doctor. He Strummed his way through English on his guitar. ISHAY DRAZIN Elchanite Typist 7, 8; G.O. Typina Squad 7 ; Librarian 6; Sanitation Manager 3; Presi- dent of Radio Club 7. "Mount Sinai" Drazin plans to become a modern Moses by spanning the Red Sea with a bridge. He will pursue his engineering studies in the U.S. before going to Israel. A veritable engineering feat in himself. HERBERT DYM Arista 5-8; Vice-Leader of Arista 7; Class President 3; Class Secretary 2; Class De- bating Manager 5; Features and Activities Editor of Elchanite 7, 8; School Debating Team 5-8; Class Debating Team 3, 5, 7; Office Squad 3, 4 ; Service Squad 7, 8 ; School Basketball Team 4-8; Co-Captain of Bas- ketball Team 7, 8. "Modest" Herbie, who graduated with the coach- ing of his classmates and a ninety-six average, majored in basketball (in which he broke all records). He couldn't get into Yeshiva, so Herbie will continue his basketball career at Yale, where he will study engineering. With Mikan's skill and Einstein's knowledge, Herbie will find work easy in college. HERZL EISENSTADT T.A. Publications 1; Librarian 5, 7 ; Service Squad 8; Secretary-Treasurer of French Club 4; President of French Club 7, 8. One of the "fine learners" in Rabbi Yogel's class, Herzl will continue his Talmudic studies at Y.U. He was voted by the class as the man whose history notes were the hardest to copy. Better late than never — But better still never late Herd — Rabbi Zuroff. 19 — MARTIN ELEFANT Service Squad 8; Office Squad 5; School Choir 1, 2. Marty's infectious laugh was appreciated by all save the teachers. His physique didn't deter him nor daunt his classmates. He expects to enjoy th° last laugh (his graduation) in the area of Y.U. Laugh and the world laughs with you. BERNARD ERLBAUM Arista 7, 8; Student Court 7, 8; Captain of Service Squad 8; Service Squad 6-8; Class President 7. Bernie is the "iron man" of the class, never hav- ing missed a single da)'. He is of that strange breed who claim not to know anything before a test but, when the marks are in, is strangely near or at the top. A swell guy, he is always giving a helping hand to anybody who needs it. Jack of all trades and master of most. STANLEY FISGHMAN Service Squad 4, 6; Class Vice President 4; Class Secretary 3; Class Debating Team 1- 4; "Star" News Editor 7 ; T.A. Publications 1,2. Stan successfully defended his constituents in Brighton Beach Bay from Mr. Lilker's baiting. Stan lists among his impersonations Mr. Landowne and John L. C. Sevony. Reluctantly, he'll give up acting to study medicine. We fell for him hook, line and sinker. IRWIN FOGEL Sanitation Matiager 4, 5; Radio Club 3-6; Music Club 7, 8. It took Irwin four years to discover a formula how to keep out of Mr. Lilker's hair. He comes to school so much by bike that it knows the way by itself. 'Silence is deep as Eternity, Speech is shallow as Time — Carlyle BERNARD FREEDMAN Class Debating Manager 6; Class Debating Team 1-8; French Club 1-8. Bernie is one of the prize Talmudists of the class. A quiet fellow, he applies Talmudic logic in telling force whenever he debates. He argues long, he argues strong. His words he ne'er will stint. Would we had space beside his face, His arguments to print. AARON FREIMAN Class Secretary-Treasurer 8; Topics' Sports Staff 8; Manager of Basketball Team 8; Timekeeper 7; President of Tropical Fish Club 5. One of the more "active" students in Senor Cantor's Spanish class, Aaron enlivened our three vears there with his read\- wit. He will continue heckling teachers at Yeshivah University, where he will pre-med. Each season ended with a sigh. Wait 'till next year was Aaron's cry. 21 HAROLD FRIEDLANDER Arista 8; Class Debating Manager 7 ; School Debating Team 8; Class Debating Team 8; Library Squad 4-8. Harold, a recent acquisition from the Brighton Yeshiva, is one of the few boys who makes Rabbi Yogel's life in the morning bearable. An ardent Talmudist, he will continue his studies at Yeshiva. Reading maketh a full man. — Bacon AL FRIEDMAN Class Basketball Team 7, 8. Al, our expert on the Imagist movement, amazed Mr. Bassell with his fine term paper on the sub- ject. After finishing high school in three years, our Chaim Berlin transfer will attend Y.U. The transferee who took it easy. RICHARD GARBER Office Squad 8; Trainer of School Basket- ball Team 7, 8. Richie, a latecomer to our ranks, quickly became trainer of the T.A. Basketball Team. His chang- ing schools in midstream was a big advantage for us. Richard, thou healest all our wounds. EMANUEL GENN G.O. Vice-President 8 ; Inter School Council 8; School Executive Council 8; Service Squad 6-8; Class Vice-President 7 ; Class Secretary 4; T.A. Publications 3, 4. Mr. Vice-President entered -school politics late in his school life and proved a "huge" success. Mendy's sense of humor tickled his classmates pink. He plans to settle law cases with his brawn if his tongue should fail him. Otte still strong man in a blatant school. SIDNEY GOLDSTEIN School Debating Manager 7; School Secre- tary Treasurer 8; School Debating Team 7, 8; Kolenu Reporter 4; T.A. Publications 2; Class Debating Team 1-8. A very fine orator, Sidney spent many hours trying to get out of his difficulties with Mr. Lilker. He is acclaimed as the "Freshie's best friend". Whosoever would be a man must be a non- conformist. — Emerson RAPHAEL GOODMAN Class Vice-President 2; Service Squad >-7 ; Office Squad 1-7. Upon his graduation, Raphael will receive a de- gree in Office Management and Business Admini- stration in addition to his high school diploma. A staunch Bnei Akivanik, Ray intends to go to Israel some day. Ray was a good-man. — 23 SAUL GREENFIELD Class President 5; Class Athletic Manager 1; Service Squad ; President of Music Club. Athletic Saul, Boro-Park's gift to the fairer sex, amazed us all with his immeasurable contribution to the biology cause. With Mr. Lilker as his idol, he will major in History at Y.U. Shall I wasting in despair Die because a woman's fair. — Wither NORMAN GROSS Class Secretary-Treasurer 2, 3; Office Squad 8 ; Library Squad 2. Good natured Normie is an ardent opera lover and always TRIES to solve the Times' crossword puzzles. He is one of the quietest and nicest fellows in the senior class, and he is going to attend Y.U. and study for the Rabbinate. Remember, better the world with a song. — Masefield JACOB HELLER Arista 8; Inter-School Council 8; Student Court 8; School Debating Manager 8; School Band 8; School Debating Team 7, 8; Class Debating Manager 3; Class Debating Team 1, 2, 3, 7, 8; Office Squad 7. Yonk returned to his first love, T.A., after a short leave of absence. He proved his versatility by orating in the Journal American Oratory Con- test and producing and directing the school's first Talent Night on the same day. Yonk will follow in the footsteps of Henry Clay and will study law at Harvard or Columbia. Charm us, orator, till the lion looks no larger than the cat. ARNOLD HOFFMAN Service Squad 8; Class Debating Team 1, 3, 6; Hebrew Club 1-4. Arnie is the Boswell of T.A. His anthology of history notes will be sent to the Library of Con- gress. He hopes to develop some new eye exer- cises for the nearsighted people at Y.U. Facts and figures! Put 'em down! — Dickens. SEYMOUR HOFFMAN Class Athletic Manager 3, 4; Class Sanita- tion Manager 1, 2, 5. The junior member of the brother combination of the class, Seymour is an all around athlete. When he becomes a Hebrew teacher, he vows not to pull the ears of students with roving eyes like Rabbi Faivelson does. Hoot man! Hoffman's near. He'll slam your back and flick your ear. And chalk your coat and all the while His face will wear a happy smile. JOSEPH KAHANE School Basketball Team 6; Radio Club 1-3; Science Club 4, 5. Joe is G-d's gift to T.A.'s faculty. Among other things, he is always accused of jeopardizing Rabbi Kanatopsky's job. A very sharp mathe- matician, Joe proved that somebody besides Mr. Heisler knows some Math. The Mathamaticiau has reached the highest rung on the ladder of human thought — Havelock Ellis — 25 \ \. ALTER KEVELSON Class Sanitation Manager 1, 8; Founder of Tropical Fish Club — Vice-President 4, 5; Business Manager of Elchanite 7, 8; Office Squad 4, 5, 7, 8. All through his high school career Kevy thought that the teachers were conspiring against him. Altie fooled them all — he will graduate (with Mr. Strum's help) and major in money in later life. Gather ye rosebuds while ye may Old time is still a ff lying — Herrick I , HAROLD KIRSH Book Squad 7 ; Science Club 2, 3; Radio Club 5. Hesh is part of the triumvirate that includes Kahane and Wagshal. He has shown an under- lying talent in Talmud, to go along with his proficiency in his other studies. He will attend Y.U. in the fall. He easily disproves that good looks are only skin deep. JUDAH KLEIN School Debating Team 8; Class Debating Manager 8; Class Debating Team 2, 3, 4, 8; T.A. Topics — Feature Editor 8; Sports Editor 7 ; Staff Writer 4, 5; Service Squad 4, 7; Library Staff 5, 7, 8; T.A. Publications 2, 3. Judah majored in extra-curricular activities in school. An ardent debater and journalist, he will set up offices at Y.U. this fall. He never let education interfere with his schooling. — 26 JONAH KUPIETZKY Service Squad 7 ; Office Squad 4-6; Co-Cap- tain of the School Basketball Team 7, 8; School Basketball Team 2-8; Class Athletic Manager 6. One of Rabbi Yogel's star pupils, "Long John" is no slouch in the afternoon either. Although he was put on the Yeshiva League First Team, he will concentrate on his Talmud studies at Y.U. A whale of a guy. MORTON KWESTEL Business Manager of the Elchanite 7, 8; Class Vice-President 5; Science Club 3-6. Morty is versatility personified. He ably patrolled shortstop every Lag B'Omer and excels in his science and math studies. This popular "Prophet" will major in science at Y.U. Always fresh and always sporty. Glad to crack his pleasant smile, A business genius is our Morty, Who will surely make his pile. JULIAN LANDAU Arista 7, 8; Student Court 7; Class Presi- dent 4; Class Debating Manager 2; School Debating Team 7, 8; Service Squad 5-8; Kolenu 7, 8; Feature Editor of Star 2-4; President of Zionist Club 7, 8; Class De- bating Team 1-8. Julie is unique in having the distinction of at- tending two schools at once. He claims it isn't his fault — his bike knows the way to Central by heart. A great lover of authority, he accepts all the Administration's decisions without question. Grow old along with me The best is vet to he. HERBERT LEIBOWITZ Arista Leader 7 ; Arista 6-8; G.O. Debating Manager 6; Features and Activities Editor of Elchanite 7, 8; Student Court 7, 8; Class Vice-President 4; Class Debating Manager 1, 2, 5; Class Debating Team 1-8; "Star" News Editor 6; School Debating Team 6-8. Kibby, a real intellectual, has a secret desire to be a great orchestral conductor like Toscanini, but will have to settle for a Nobel Prize in literature. An ardent but discriminating opera fan, he plans to grace the publications of Y.U. with his talents. He is a scholar, and a ripe good one. fair spoken and persuading. ELLIOT LEVINE Arista 8; Class Vice-President 7 ; Class Sec- retary-Treasurer 4; Class Athletic Manager 5 ; Class Librarian 1, 2; Service Squad 7, 8; Library Squad 7, 8; Class Debating Team 3, 4; President of Music Club 7. Elliot (Muscles) Levine, a prominent weight lifter, was forced to abandon his avocation when, while pressing 3,000 pounds, he fell through the floor. Elliot's secret method for developing wrists and fingers is jotting down verbatim Mr. Lilker's pearls of wisdom. He will attend Y.U. Irresistible Elliot? Whom unarmed No strength of man or fiercest wild beast could withstand. — Stolen partly from Milton. IRWIN MILLER School Basketball Team 5-8; Science Club 7, 8. "Jack" transfered from Toras Chaim and soon cracked the T.A. varsity with his deadly set shot. A very friendly fellow, he'll take his jump shot to Yeshivah University. Jack be nimble, Jack be quick. Jack jumped up and his guard looked sick. — 28 IRWIN NATHAN Class Vice-President 3; Class Sanitation Manager 2, 5, 7; Librarian 5-8; Office Squad 5-7 ; Library Typing Squad 6. Irwin did his work quietly and well during his high school career. His classmates recognized his value and elected him to numerous offices. He will continue his fine work at Y.U., where he hopes to become a teacher. Worth makes the man. — Pope BERNARD NEMERSON School Athletic Manager 7; Class President 5; Class Athletic Manager 5; Service Squad 8; Art Editor of Elchanite 7, 8; Typing Squad 8; School Basketball Team 7, 8. Bernie persuaded Rabbi Zuroff that he was going to Brooklyn College not for the girls but in order to take R.O.T.C. (Rabbinical Orthodox Training Corps). He will major in basketball at B.C. and dabble in history in his spare moments. Art is long and time is fleeting. HAROLD NEUSTADTER Class Vice-President ; Business Manager of Elchanite 7, 8; Class Debating Team; T.A. Publications. Although he is one of the youngest boys in our class, Harold is also one of the most intelligent. He will attend Y.U. and become a Math major but someone better tell him that you have to do your homework. // a man's icit he icandering, let him study ituithcmatics. — Bacon 29 \j^. AVROM REICHMAN Service Squad 6, 7; Class Vice-President 6; Class Debating Team 4; Librarian 3; Office Squad 3-S; Basketball Team Manager 5. Avy, a staunch Bnei Akivanik, wishes that the day had thirty hours, so he could do all the things on his crowded agenda. A real ladies' man, he plans to be a bachelor of law. Eastward ho! To the land of the Mogen Dovid. BERNARD ROSENBAUM Class Debating Team 3, 4; Class Basketball Team 1-8; Public Speaking Club. Benny, a dangerous man to meddle with, as Mr. Allan found out, showed his mettle in the Eco. class, where he taught Mr. Bassell merchandising. He will continue getting a liberal education Saturday nights while attending N.Y.U. Then be not coy, but use your time And while ye may go marry. STANLEY ROSENBERG Class President 2; Arista 7, 8; Class Vice- President; Class Athletic Manager 5; Sports Editor of Topics 5; Class Debating Team 1-8; School Basketball Team 7, 8. Stanley monopolized Mr. Bassell's Eco. class with questions on what he deemed were "fundamental" points — i.e. "What's Madeleine Carroll's tele- phone number". He will continue asking ques- tions at Yeshiva, where he intends to prepare for law school. Force is of brutes, but honor is of man. — John Dryden 30 — JOSEPH ROTENBERG Class Secretary-Treasurer 6; Service Squad 6-8; Class Librarian 4. Joe, who is the marbles champion of Kelly Park, took boxing lessons from Battlin' Bob. What's he going to do when Rosenberg, his sparring partner, leaves him? Joe can see cubes whirling in front of his eyes; he's not punchdrunk, he's taking engineering at City (what an exam!). His ambition is to become Mr. Epstein's caddy. He is quiet but ah me What a world of thoughts there be In the recess of his brain Safe from mortal's prying eyes. MOSES SALEM Service Squad S; Class Secretary 8; Li- brarian 6; Hebrew Club President 5. Moe was born to be an actor. He was the per- fect foil for Mr. Godin and kept his French 6 classmates in stitches until the Regents. Rumor has it that Hollywood talent scouts are hot on his trail. Our contribution to 'Fractured French'. JOEL SGHECTER Service Squad 5, 8; Class President 1; Office Squad 8. Joe has traveled much in his time. His subtle sense of humor is best appreciated by the denizens of T.A. He plans to travel to India where he hopes to be a soil conservationist, after taking his B.S. at Y.U. Laugh and Joel laughs with you. Frown and he'll smile at you, too For he believes that a smile can dccDniplish, What never a frown can do. — 31 MARSHALL SGHLESINGER Class Athletic Manager 7 ; Class Secretary- Treasurer 3; Library Squad 5, 7 ; Office Squad S, 8; President of Tropical Fish Club. An ardent tropical fish fancier, Marshall boasts of a collection of three Georgeous Glittering Golden Guppies. The Beau Brommell of T.A., his ideal is to be a curator of an aquarium. Marshall dressed in all his trim. Hath put a spirit of youth on everything — Shakespeare LOUIS SCHNEIDER Arista 8; Service Squad 7, 8; Class Vice- President 8; Class Secretary 5; Class Ath- letic Manager 7 ; Librarian 8. Louis is known for his conscientiousness. He puts his heart into whatever he does, be it Math or Basketball. He is like a cactus, rough on the outside, but good within. Much fruit of sense beneath is readily found. CHARLES SCHWARTZ Office Squad 6, 7 ; School Basketball Team 7, 8; J.V. Basketball Team 5, 6. Charlie, a great basketball and baseball player (if you don't believe it just ask him) aided our class greatly in intramural athletics. "Tex" Schviartz's subtle wit kept us amused for three and one-half years. Don't fence him in. — 32 ALAN J. SEELENFREUND Business Manager Elclianite 7, H; Class Ath- letic Manager 1, 2, 5; School Basketball Team 7, 8. Jerry is one of the most popular boys in the class. He always has a good word for everybody (including teachers). An all around guy, he plans to crack the Ivy League this fall at Wharton. As steady as the Rock of Gibraltar. JACOB SILVERMAN Arista 8; Class Vice-President 6; Class Sec- retary-Treasurer S; Class Athletic Manager 8; G.O. Newspaper 4, 5, 7; Sports Editor of Topics 8; Class Debating Team 2, 3, 5. 6, 8. In his last term, Jackie defended his viewpoint that Yeshiva students were trustworthy, with stolid perseverance. A favorite in history, he lowered himself long enough to win the history contest of the Hearst papers, even though he disagreed with their policies. His jokes are cutting, raw and devilish artistic Another George B. Shaw and just as pessimistic. SEYMOUR STEINMETZ Service Squad 7 ; Class Secretary 7 ; Class Debating Team 7. Se)mour arrived in our school from Israel by way of R.J.J. He finally came to the end of the road, when he came to T.A. The answer to Rabbi Faivelson's dreams, Seymour plans to at- tend Y.U. in the fall for his studies before be- coming a doctor. A mind triumph: :r iiuniv matters. — 33 MORRIS STILLMAN Photography Editor of Elchanite 7, 8 ; Science Club 7. Morris is a versatile fellow, with his photography, magic, and body building. He's also quite a hard- ball pitcher ??? Upon his graduation, Morris will receive along with his regular diploma a M.W.L. (Master of Weight Lifting) Magician, make those teachers disappear. JOSHUA TEITELBAUM Editor-in-Chief of Elchanite 7, 8; Arista 8; Class Debating Team 7, 8. Josh fell asleep at the entrance exam and has slept through three and one-half years at T.A., but he seems to wake up for the Regents, in which he gets lOO's. He contends that he does it by luck. In addition to his scholastic attain- ments, Josh is the most feared if not the best basketball player in T.A. Ha, Ha, what a brain Ho, Ho, what a brow The editor's before you now. And Horace Greely envy's slave Doth turn within his narrow grave. SAMUEL WAGSHAL Office Squad 5-7; School Choir 1, 2; Class Secretary 2; Sanitation Manager 7. Sammy, our school Spaniard, really kept us laugh- ing for four years with his sense of humor. He intends to continue at Y.U. where he wiU study for the Rabbinate. Act well your part, there all the honor lies. — Alexander Pope. — 34 — MARTIN WUNDERLICH Service Squad 5-7 ; Office Squad 4-8; Book Squad 4-8. Marty is indispensable to his class and to the office. Without him it is doubtful if Mrs. Leviton could run the office or eat. He has done bis share for the class by getting us all the inside information beforehand. He is going to Rutgers where he will major in Agriculture prior to applying his knowledge in Israel. They also serve who only stand and wait. — Milton STANLEY ZAHNER School Basketball Team 5-8; Class Athletic Manager 8. Despite the fact that he arrived a bit too late, Stan tried to set a record for "most times at Central". Alas! He joined the bicycle brigade too late. He will be cycling up and down the hills near Y.U. in the fall. The swiftest traveler is he that goes afoot. — Thoreau MELVIN ZELEFSKY Arista 7, 8; Service Squad 7; Photography Editor Elchanite 7, 8; Class Debating Man- ager 7, 8; Class Debating Team 1-8. Melvin is the "Masmid" of the class. He is the inventor of a new wind instrument his hands, with which he plays a musical tune for the en- tertainment of his classmates. Melvin will mi- grate to Y.U. for his Talmud studies. Nice guys finish last. 35 A Hill OF FAME V Y Best Dressed — Judah Klein, Louis Schneider Best Matured — Elliott Aberbach, Joseph Rotenberg Class Actor — Moses Salem Class Artists — Leon Bernstein, Bernard Nemerson Class Athletes — Saul Greenfield, Jonah Kupietzky Class Basketball Star — Irwin Miller Class Businessmen — Martin Elefant, Harold Neustadter Class Casanovas — Bernard Rosenbaum, Stanley Zahner Class Comedians ■ — Alter Kevelson, Sainuel Wagshal Class Dreamer — Norman Gross Class Hebraist — Seymour Steinmetz Class Historian — Herbert Leibowitz Class Idealist — Julian Landau Class Journalist — ■ Arnold Hoffman Class Mathematician — Joseph Kahane Class Mechanics — Ishay Drazin, Irwin Fogel Class Musician — Aaron Dobin Class Orator — Jacob Heller Class Poet — Joseph Book Class Politician — Emanuel Genn Class Talmudists — Harold Friedlander, Melvin Zelefsky Class Thinkers — Bernard Freedman, Joshua Teitelbaum Class Zionists — Raphael Goodman, Avrom Reichman Did Most For School — Gerald Cohen, Sidney Goldstein Friendliest — Stanley Fischman Handsomest — Harold Kirsch, Elliott Levine Most Ambitious — Al Freedman, Herzl Eisenstadt Most Cheerful — ^ Aaron Freiman, Seymour Hoffman Most Conscientious — Louis Bernstein Most Courteous — Marshall Schlesinger Most Dignified — Elliot Spar Most Intelligent — Marvin Blackman, Herbert Dym Most Likely to Succeed — Bernard Erlbaum, Jacob Silverman Most Pleasant — Richard Garber Most Popular — Sheldon Blackman, Morton Kwestel Most Versatile — Stanley Rosenberg, Alan J. Seelenfreund Quietest — • Joel Schechter — 36 — <^ ^e#**^ fi^lAd^ t^iatif ENTRANCE EXAM. Soph reads off answers . . . Josh gets bored and falls asleep . . . Everybody passes. FRESHMAN YEAR We come to T.A. . . . They took one look at our faces and sent us home for another week . . . The class is filled with towering giants . . . 4'11". Teitelbaum expresses opinion of school in Landau's sailor hat . . . Leon fails his first French test, but is consoled by the good will of the teacher . . . One subjea we all enjoy is music. All we do is listen to records. Oops, our mistake, here come the notes. But Mr. Grossman, they're all dead . . . Charlie Friedman helps school park his car . . . Bob Bassell teaches Physics in Civics . . . Jerry goes to the bathroom and returns with his coat . . . How did Mart}' ever find out? . . . There's one Rabbi teach- ing baseball and Talmud. How does he know what happened in 1919? He wasn't even born then . . . Mr. Turetsky forgets to give homework . . . Finals. Mr. Lilker changes the Civics final a half hour before the test begins . . . Poor Max . . . Rabbi Berenholtz starts an appeal for the Yeshivah of Baltimore. One Sunday morning we walk into Rabbi Berenholtz's class but he is nowhere to be found. We are about to leave when a squeaky voice from nowhere yells STOP! Or else jou'll get zeroes on your record. It was he of the tribe of the Chipaways Chic Chic Chickanowitz. Students' Day . . . Kahane takes over Science and Mr. Fried- man starts to ad lib from the back of the room . . . Mr. Friedman exempts more than half the class in Science and Math. He explains his system . . . The boys' cards landing nearest the walls are the lucky ones . . . SOPHOMORE YEAR Rabbi Herskovics teaches us Hebrew . . . Gooody. Too bad we all don't come from Flatbush . . . Math II . . . New teacher . . . We learn astronomical figures . . . Newsie gets fallen arches from standing in the corner . . . Test average 34% . . . We play follow the leader with Mr. Landowne looking for a room that blows fresh snow into our faces. Julie gives a surprise test and half the class fails . . . Julie stops in the middle of a sentence and picks up where he left off the next day . . . Dr. Lichten- stein gives no homework . . . just extra credeet . . . Our class basketball team pulls a stunning upset by defeating Elihu Levine and Co. ... At the Lag B'omer outing. Doc refuses to leave second when the Rabbi asks him, on the grounds that he was there first . . . Mr. Bassell tells us of Mme. De Maupin . . . Guess whose face turned red? . . . We start Geometr) . . . Mr. Turetsk)- warns us that the foist thing you have to loin is to do your homework . . . We win Students' Day again with our own song "We have a school and a half" . . . Rabbi Herskovics gets tough. "You will all make finals" P.S. everyone exempt . . . Spanish Regents just around the corner . . . After seven month re- minder Altie forgets . . . Greeny sorry he didn't take French . . . WOW ! what a proctor ! . . . "Who concentrated on his regents paper . . . We get scared when Senor isn't on time for dictation . . . New candy store man . . . Bert . . . Assisted by Helen of Troy, he gives us service with a smile ? ? hiatif JUNIOR YEAR We get a new Hebrew teacher . . . He has a monopoly on the map business ... 50 map only 35(? . . . Rabbi Faivelson returns from Israel with specimens of rock from the Jordan . . . Marvin goes into competition with Faivy by bringing his own rocks . . . from his own backyard . . . We meet that lovable character "David Copperfield". Another new subject . . . Zeroes with a smile . . . A new English teacher . . . Newsie back in the corner . . . Mr. Godin teaches the French class in technicolor . . . Salem disappointed in French postal cards brought to class . . . Student wins math con- test . . . One right . . . What a brain ! T.A.'s getting crowded ... I wonder why . . . Dr. Saphire gives us the honor and privilege of going to summer school . . . We see what a real school looks like . . . Landau complains about not being able to touch the English teacher . . . The trip to the U.N. ends up in the Paramount (That's My Boy) SENIOR YEAR Jerry finally joins the T.A. team by popular de- mand . . . Mr. Lilker gives us his new theory on education . ..The whole class stays up all night reviewing the day's work . . . Aaron returns to school to play the guitar for Mr. Strum . . . Mr. .English . Long- Heisler teaches Calculus in two days . . . He memo- rizes the log chart . . . Kahane has a slight disa- greement with him . . . Central moves . . . Direc- tional controls on bikes adjusted . . . Mr. Strum: Spar, read Spartacus. Spar: Spartacus? Mr. Strum: No, Spartacus. Summer ends . . . Back to the dumps . course.' This is American Literature? . fellow was a short man . . . True or False.'?.'? . . . Another Spanish regents around the corner . . . Take me out to the ball game . . . Who whistled? . . . Mr. Strum reveals to us a booming baritone voice and Ben Johnson turns over in his grave (Poor Celia) . . . New course. Economics . . . The room gets hot as Kevelson keeps on talking . . . Leon hits homer into Ebbets field . . . Baseball scouts follow him around . . . Seniors win Basket- ball tournament . . . What happened to the trophy? . . . Seniors run away with Lag B'Omer outing . . . still no trophy! . . . Here we are at Regents Scholarships . . . How do you get from Plattsburg to Oswego as the crow flies? . . . Fifty transporta- tion cards reported missing from the office . . . Seventy-five turn up . . . Seymour Hoffman startles the class with his dramatic reading of poetry . . . Regents are here . . . How did we pass? . . . Well here we are on Graduation . . . Never thought we would finish . . . Goodby to dear teachers and friends . . . Hello to new teachers . . . starting a new page in our lives and hoping it will be as enjoyable and profitable as our years in T.A. . . . ' s^ ^ talent Ccutt Mr. Strum — Faculty Adviser The Student Court, the judiciary branch of the CO., is composed of six members chosen from Arista. Violators of school ordinances are brought before the court, with a report filed by the Service Squad as evidence. During the past year the defendant has been given the opportunity to retain a lawyer. Mr. Strum, the Faculty Adviser, believes in socially improving students who are found guilty. JUSTICE IN ACTION From left to right: Morton Kwestel, Marvin Blackman, Herbert Leibowitz, Bernard Erlbaum, Elliot Aberbach, Julian Landau, Gerald Cohen. From left to right: Philip Felig, Mr. Strum, Gerald Cohen, Marvin Blackman. Fall Term: Gerald Cohen — President Marvin Blackman — Vice-President Philip Felig — Secretary-Treasurer From left to right : Emanuel Genn, Sidney Goldstein, Sheldon Blackman The diversified activities of the school are integrated with the work of the G.O. The G.O. in the fall term organized the school band which has become an outstanding extra- curricular activity. The annual Chanukah "Chagiga" was a rousing success. The ar- ranged program was interesting and well organized. In the spring, a new slate of officers was elected. A new idea of having an Amateur Nitc with the talent recruited from the stu- dents themselves was put forth. Again the attraction was successful due to the tireless efforts of the officers. Special credit is due to Jacob Heller, who produced and directed the show. An Inter-Yeshivah Council was set up to deal with the joint problems of the three high schools of Yeshivah University. ^HMa As in the past, Arista has stretched out its helping hand to aid the weaker students. Student Court judges are chosen from the ranks of Arista. It was through the efforts of Arista that an auditorium was obtained for the use of the school for Amateur Nite. Plans for a literary magazine are being drawn up. From left to right : Herbert D)m, Herbert Leibowitz, Mr. Lebowitz, Elliot Aberbach Fall Term — Leader : Herbert Leibowitz Vice Leader — Herbert Dym Secretary — Elliott Aberbach Spring Term — Leader; Marvin Blackman Vice Leader — Elliott Aberbach Secretary — Joseph Silverstein Faculty Adviser — Mr. Samuel Lebowitz Sidney Goldstein — Debating Manager — Fall Term Jacob Heller — Debating Manager — Spring Term The Debating Society has control o-ser inter-school and intramural debating in T.A. An innovation introduced by the Debating Ivlanagers this year was a new scoring system which emphasized a scientific approach to judging. This brought a uniformitj' in scoring which was lacking heretofore. Since debating entails a large amount of historical knowledge, many debates were shifted to the histot)' period. In intramural debating, there were two leagues in which each class par- ticipated in five debates. The leaders of both leagues then clashed during a special assembly, and medals were awarded to the winning team. There was also an extensive program of inter-school debating in which T.A. achieved an impressive record. 1 Debating Jacob Heller Orating hel^atin^ ^cdetif f5 ^etiDice ^qua4 Bernard Erlbaum — Captain The Service Squad members are everywhere. They patrol the halls, the gym, the library and the grounds of the school, maintaining order and keeping the school clean. They are a conscientious group which gets little thanks for a job well done. This past term a precedent was set when the G.O. elected a captain of the Service Squad. His job was to supervise the work of the squadsmen with an eye for greater efficiency. Bernard Erlbaum, our captain, performed his job admirably well. The Service Squad /n Acfion (A future case of the Student Court) Xil^Mttf Rabbi Joseph D. Epstein — Librarian, Hebrew Library. Mr. Abraham Lebowitz — Librarian, English Library. A good library is an asset to any school. It is of invaluable assistance to the student who has to do ex:ra research. A library must match strides with the growth of its student body and we can be proud of our library for it has done so. A steady stream of new material reaches the library daily. The latest peri- odicals are on file for the student's use. Mr. Lebowitz has done a splendid job in amassing new material and in completely reorganizing and sys:ematizing the library. This year has seen the addition of a new branch to our library. Through the efforts of many charitable people, a library especially devoted to Hebrew culture and literature has been set up. Under the direction of the noted scholar. Rabbi Joseph D. Epstein, the library has steadily increased its facilities. The library received an impetus with the asquisition of the personal library of Rabbi Bernard Leventhal, Chief Rabbi of Philadelphia. It consists of over two thousand volumes. Left to Right: Nahum Gordon, Herbert Rothman, Jacob Lebowitz Left to right: Louis Schneider, Philip Fleischer ^chccl Sand Elliott Spar and Gerald Cohen — Conductors Whenever the idea of having a school band was brought up it was always laughed at. Last September a group of young men decided to take matters into its own hands and make the band a reality. The sneers and jeers of the students could be heard when the band practiced but the side remarks only made its members more determined to succeed. And succeed they did. Their debut took place at a school assembly and was very successful. The individual members parti- cipated in Talent Nite. 7 /^. Pul^licati0H^ KOLENU Rabbi Faivelson — Faculty Adviser Kolenu is one of the few literary magazines in the country written entirely in Hebrew by students of High School level. This year's issue, like its predecessors, contains many articles of lasting value. T.A. TOPICS Melvin Adler — Editor Mr. Sidney Gold — Faculty Adviser The newest addition to the list of T.A. Publications is T.A. Topics. Spon- sored by the CO., the staff is recruited from the ranks of the Journalism Club. The object of the paper is to keep the students well informed of all activities going on during and after school. A special section devoted to humor is included. Left to right: Judah Klein, Melvin Adler, Jacob Silverman, Philip Felig Mletia Bernard Nemerion — Athletic Manager: Fall Term Barry Hochdorf — Athletic Manager : Spring Term. Jonah Kupietzky, Herbert Dym — Co-Captain of Basketball Team Hal Jetter — Basketball Coach This past year has seen the emergence of a Yeshiva High School Basketball League from the planning stage to a reality. The League is sponsored by the Yeshiva University Athletic Association. This league consists of Chaim Berlin, T. A. Uptown, R.J. J., M.T.V., Ramaz, and Brooklyn T.A. Our basketball team, ably coached by Hal Jetter, wound up third. In one game Herbert Dym broke the previous record for most points scored in one game with a 35 point total. Dym also set a new record for most points scored in one season. There is also an extensive program of intra-mural athletics which was organized by Bernie Nemerson and Barry Hochdorf. There were tournaments in basketball, punchball, baseball, ping- pong and foul shooting. As usual, our athletic program was completed with the annual Lag B'Omer outing. The events at the outing included a variety of competitions in track and field, Softball and soccer. The school Softball championship was won by Class 8B. •;/ / ODE TO ISRAEL ?,y ALAN SCHER y V Oh land so young So brave, so free, To you, my wandering Thoughts do flee. I want to work. To live, to be, Near you Oh Israel, So near to thee. Abraham, Moses, David, Saul. A history of Israel's Rise and fall. And now, by work. And sweat and toil. They sow and reap That ancient soil. CTd \^ Her past and present All may see. I pray her future Thus, may be; A people strong. And kind and free. Oh land of Israel, I love but thee. 58 — Survival In The Forest I am of Jewish descent. My home, prior to World War II, was Poland, that agricultural country to the northeast of Germany, which has been continually brow-beaten by its always powerful neighbors. This time, it was the German Wehrmacht, spearheaded by Panzer divisions, that took but two weeks to conquer a feebly resisting Poland. Prior to this. Eastern Poland had been in Russian hands, and Western Poland in German hands. Those Jews in German hands were herded into ghettos, to be sent to concentration camps later, while those Jews in Russian territory were sent to Siberia. Faced with no other alternative, many Jews were forced to es- cape the confines of civilization, and find refuge in the all-concealing forests. However, it was not long before Germany was in complete control of the whole country. Not only Jews, but many other Poles had escaped to the wilderness, among them former soldiers in the Polish army, equipped with various arms. These partisans were a troublesome thorn in the hide of the Nazis. However, in this case misery did not love company, and, shunned by the Polish patriots, the Jews were forced to fend for themselves. They broke up into small groups, and spread throughout the hinterlands, surviving as best they could. In an isolated spot in the northern confines of the forest, I found myself among some fifty others. We hastily counseled, and decided to form a band, remaining together for the duration of hostilities. My brother Simcha, thirty years old, handsome, and a fair marksman, was chosen for the latter attribute mainly, as our leader. I was then twenty-five years old, somewhat of a marksman along my brother's lines. I was therefore appointed to assist him in the protection of our improvised community. As our first plan, we decided to construct an under- ground bunker. All of us would work on the building, except my brother and I, who would scout out from the camp to watch for disturbances. The building of the bunker, which occupied our attention continuously, was no easy task, especially Editor's Note: Tints is a true account of experiences liad by a friend of the author, as told to the author. By MOSES SILBERBERG so since we hadn't even a hammer, hatchet or spade among us. We had escaped as one flees from a fire, and had had no opportunity to rescue imple- ments of any kind. As a substitute we sharpened stray tree branches, and with these began to dig. As the people were comparatively settled, my brother and I skirted the edge of the wilderness to observe what was occurring outside of our shelter. We came upon a railroad embankment. There a train would pass every hour. More impressive than this symbol of civilization, was the seemingly stately figure of a German soldier standing guard, complete with rifle, pistol and ammunition belt. We instantly realized that this equipment would be a great boon to our limited resources. Inching forward on our stomachs, we approached our quarry. Within nine feet of success we were spotted. As the soldier cried out, my brother and I attacked him. A shot rang out and I felt a sharp pain in my left arm, but I couldn't allow myself the luxury of worrying about it. My fist pushed into his belly, while my brother clubbed him on the head. After a few minutes the man appeared lifeless. We tied him up and left him on the railroad tracks. Sick with exhaustion and nervousness, we returned to our camp, carrying with us the soldier's arms and equipment. We were not nervous for fear of the Germans, for we knew that they would never comb the sniper-infested wilds, merely to avenge the death of an unimportant sentry. What worried us was that we had killed a human being. We solaced ourselves with the thought that the arms would be necessary for the survival of many people. Simcha realized that the immediate problem was one of provisions. The completion of the bunker would come later. My brother and I, together with two others prepared for the expedition. Simcha holding the pistol, and I the rifle, we left the en- campment late one night and approached the near- est homestead. We had hoped to take the neces- sary supplies quietly, but such was not our lot. A barking dog emerged from the shadows, and I was forced to silence him with my knife. The entire household, awakened from their sleep, and quite bewildered, rushed to the main room, where we stood with drawn guns. We explained that we were partisans, in need of provisions. We warned them not to contact the Germans, for should they do so, they would not live through the night. Tak- ing along as much as we could carry, including some tools to assist us in the construction of our bunker, we left by a roundabout route, so as not to indicate the direction to our hideway. For six months we worked on the construction of the bunker. The work progressed during the winter months, but until the bunker's completion we had no protection from the elements. We dug holes in the snow, and rested there. To our great sorrow, many of us could not survive the double dose of building and weather. By the time the blessed spring had thawed us out, only forty-three of the original fifty-two had survived. A system for protection and survival was set up. Three different youths were sent out every day to obtain provisions, by any means fair or foul. Two others followed at a distance, ready to defend the three should they be ambushed. Another three per- sons were set up on perches on trees near the out- lying section of the camp, to watch for approaching danger. We never had enough arms. Once, when my brother and I, dressed as farmers, were walking outside the confines of the forest, a motorcycle policeman approached and asked for our passports. Feigning to search for his identification, my brother whipped out his revolver, while I disarmed the policeman, who was too pre-occupied with my brother to notice me. We stripped the dead driver and placed him near his motorcycle, which we had wrecked, under a nearby tree. Another time a look-out came running with the news that a German soldier was nearing our area. Silently, Simcha stole out the back entrance, climbed a tree, and observed a German soldier trailing one of our group who was carrying a load of provisions. Acting instantly, Simcha jumped down from his place, calling: "Hands up!" as he dropped. The German raised his hands, and we escorted him to our bunker. He confirmed our hope that he was alone, merely following an unknown person who had stolen a loaf of bread. Thus we existed until 1943. During the month of May, of that year, we met ten other Jews who had been living our kind of life for the past year. How- ever, they had been befriended by a farmer, who kept them well supplied with food and ammunition, and who, we later discovered, was only too happy to assist us also. His hate for the Germans was unquenchable, as his only son had been killed fight- ing them while in the service of the Polish army. Upon one memorable instance, he and my brother, both of whom were attired in German uniforms stripped from the Feuhrer's "own" on various ven- tures, left on an important mission. Their guise as Germans helped greatly as they removed a large sup- ply of dynamite from a nearby arsenal. Through the help of this ammunition, we were later able to blow up a supply train as it passed the stretch of track near the forest. Such was our life until the defeat of the Third Reich. Now, as I reminisce over my experiences, I real- ize that our long and hard fight to keep Poland free for Jewry was in vain. This holocaust and the — 60 ensuing victory in no way improved the position of my people. Many of my fellow Jews, who after surviving the tortures of Nazism, came home hoping for peace, were killed by their Polish neighbors upon their return. There is a solution, however, which has materialized in more miraculous a form than any adventure which befell me. There is now a national home for the Jew, where he may live freely. There I live at present. At last I have found a resting place! I now give happily of my time and energy, for I know that I build for an eternal future. Fear By MELVIN ZELEFSKY Have you ever wandered through A graveyard dark and dreary? On a midnight damp with dew ■With willows hanging limp and weary.'' When the owl's screams send shivers running up your spine Sets your mind to thinking of the goblins on the vine When the faraway hounds howling at the moon Sets your heart apounding to the laughing of the loon. Yes fear has such an amazing might The strongest of men are afraid; To them the shadows of the moonlit night Appear like demons on parade. Yet that reverent man so kind and old None would think him brave nor bold Past the graveyard onward he would plod He has no fear except the fear of G-d. 61 SYRIAN JEWRY By MARVIN BLACKMAN h .N 1908 New York's lower East-side witnessed the coming of a new people to its already well crowded section. The tinge in the new neighbor's face was of a darker hue than that of the customary immigrant. The customs and fashions which the newcomer brought along differed from the al- ready well established practices of East-side Jewry. But then there was a reason for all these contrasts to the well formulated practices. Here was a dif- ferent type of Jew who had had no contact with his Ashkenazic brother for hundreds of years. This new member was the Syrian Jew. The sudden immigration had its roots in the Young Turks' Revolution. The program of the Young Turks in the modernization of the Near East consisted of economic, racial, and religious tenets that conflicted strongly with those of the Syrian Jews. Instead of remaining to be guinea pigs to the numerous persecutions inflicted on them, they left quickly. They fled from their native towns of Alep- po, Damascus, and Beirut to different parts of the globe, a great number choosing New York as their refuge. Adjustment to this new environment was diffi- cult. They had neither knowledge of the language of the country, nor friends who could help them. Starting out as peddlers, they worked long hours for low wages just managing to survive. Though they often hovered on the brink of disaster, they did not despair but kept on struggling untU they finally achieved a respected station in their community. In the comparatively short time of half a cen- tury, a rapid transformation had taken place. No longer were their numbers confined to the East-side but Bensonhurst, Flatbush, and Boro Park became new grounds for settlement. Their children had overcome the language barrier and were able to mingle more easily with those around them. Rabbis were soon brought over to teach, one of them being Rabbi Joseph Kassin of Israel who is the present Chief Rabbi and spiritual leader of the United States' Syrian Community. In 1926 the Syrian Jews established their own synagogue. Last year their dream of a Yeshiva was realized. Located in Benson- hurst, Yeshiva Mogen David is the first Sephardic Yeshiva established in the United States. When one visits a Syrian synagogue one is im- pressed by an array of colorful customs which have developed during hundreds of years of isolated exist- ence in Syria. Upon entering the synagogue on a Sabbath, one immediately notices that these people cling to their religion. There is hardly an unoc- cupied seat to be seen. Young and old will be noted wearing the "Talis". When the Ark is opened, we see the scrolls of the Law, adorned with beautiful flowers. When read, the Torah remains in an up- right position. As the people leave the synagogue, they scent their hands and faces with perfumes poured from an iron flask. Different customs are observed during the van- ous holidays. On the seventh day of Passover, the anniversary of the crossing of the Red Sea, the con- gregants begin celebrating with prayers and songs in the early hours of the morning. The Great Sabbath, the Sabbath of Repentance, the Sabbath of Remembrance and the "Kalah Sab- bath" are commemorated with long and inspiring sermons by the Rabbi. The last mentioned Sabbath has a very interesting history. After the destruction of the Second Temple, Jewry was dispersed through the whole of Babylonia. At this period the Jews were mostly farmers. During the greater part of the year they tilled the soil. The two months' in- terval called "Kalah Months" which was not devoted to the land was spent in the Yeshivah where the populace listened to rousing addresses by the Rabbis. This tradition has been maintained to the present day, with the Rabbi delivering an address on the Sabbath of "Kalah". Though transplanted to shores far removed from their original source of culture, Syrian Jews have succeeded in making their mark in the United States, while retaining their great spiritual individuality. — 62 — Rembrandt and the Jews By HERZL EISENSTADT X HE Jews as a theme in the works of Christian artists is a not too recurring one. But upon one Christian painter they exerted considerable influ- ence. The name of this artist was Rembrandt Van Rijn (R.V.R.). In the seventeenth century, there lived within the midst of the Jews of Amsterdam this renowned master artist. Many people seem astonished at the utterance of this great figure's name in connection with the Jewish people, then considered an inferior group. But, as we shall see, the Jews were quite devoted to him, and he showed his gratitude with masterpieces of portraiture that will outlive the ages. During that era, Holland was one of the few places in Europe where the Jewish people found tolerance, comfort, and even, in some resj>ects, equa- lity. It was to this center of refuge that scattered individuals and later groups of Marranos (Jews con- verted to Christianity who preserved Jewish cus- toms in secret) fled from the unbearable furnaces of the Inquisitions in Spain and Portugal. They settled in the southern section of Amsterdam where they returned to the faith of their fathers and, as religious Jews, adopted the name of "Sphardim". Meanwhile, a second group of Jewish refugees fleeing the pogroms of Germany, and a third band fleeing from Poland, also found their way to the open door of commercial Amsterdam. Their customs were different from those of their foreign brethren, the Sphardim, and they therefore settled in separate but allied communities. Each faction built its own synagogues and continued its respective modes of life and traditions. As is the custom nowadays, rich people in those times commissioned famous artists to have their portraits drawn. However, many wealthy Jews ab- stained from having their likenesses recreated on canvas because of their religious beliefs. It was art's good fortune that the Sphardim and Askenazim 1) In various pictures, R.V.R. depicted her with a large Bible in her lap, absorbed in the perusal of its pages. (as the Northern European Jews were titled) had different outlooks on the painting of human faces and figures. The former, a wealthy class that had come into close contaa with the Renaissance in Southern Europe while they were disguised as Chris- tians, retained the practice of having pictures of themselves and others adorn their homes. Therefore they did not consider themselves "infidels." The Ash- kenazim, on the other hand, abided closely by the second commandment which states: "Thou shalt not make any graven image unto thee or in any manner of likeness of anything . . . ". In the museums of Europe and America one will often see paintings of aged, bearded scholars titled "Portrait of a Jew" or just "Anonymous." These figures are representative of those whom Rembrandt loved to depict: the Ashkenazi Jews. No doubt, these people were of the sect which preached no re- creating of human images, yet Rembrandt has used them many times, and successfully, as models. The impression left upon the beholder of one of Van Rijn's Jewish portraits is, in most cases, that of view- ing people of spiritual eminence and scholarly inclin- ation rather than people of business (then the major occupation of the population of Amsterdam). Since the love and admiration of the Hebrews of that time was centered upon their spiritual leaders, art critics presume that it was their images which Van Rijn was commissioned to preserve for posterity. Through them, Rembrandt has immortalized the pillar of the Jewish communit), the most powerful symbol of its life in exile, tlie Rabbi. A second phase of Van Rijn's interest in Jew- ish life is his scenes taken from the daily life of the Jews of Amsterdam. The first, called "The Jewish Bride", depicts a majestic woman adorned in the raiment of her wedding day. She is splendidly attired, and is shown seated in a chair and holding a scroll in her hand. The traditional bridal veil is shown by her side, and the scroll is interpreted by most people to be her "Ketubah" or m.irri.ige con- tract. The second picture, designated "The Synagogue," — 63 is believed to represent the religious life of the Ashkenazi Jews. It shows a group of men, in the attire of the poorer class of Holland, gathered out- side of a "shul". Moreover, it demonstrates their customs in that (1) there is no "Ezras Nashim" as in the Sphardic shuls, but instead the women prayed in an anteroom; (2) the door to the synagogue was usually inconspicuous; and (3) Rembrandt, evident- ly impressed by the deep symbolism, clearly por- trayed the steps leading from the door down to the first floor, usually below ground level. This con- struction was based upon the words of the 130th Psalm: "Out of the depths have I called unto Thee, O Lord". Incidentally, whether by accident or de- sign, Van Rijn painted exactly ten men, known as a "Minyan". Another theme to which Rembrandt returned time and again is the Bible. From the time that his mother had read aloud to him from the Bible, 1) he had often looked into it himself, and he gathered from it ever new inspiration. It was the Jewish Bible that especially spurred his imagination, for it contained not only one but many central figures whose emotions, activities, and reactions were those of mortals, not of gods, and thus more suited to his, and to his contemporaries', type of art. Rem- brandt was, in essence, a naturalist who aimed to approach nature as closely as possible. He met Jews who were descendants of those biblical figures that had so deeply interested him, and their presence suggested the idea of using them in his paintings. Also of worthwhile note is that in the theatres of those days plays based upon Jewish Biblical themes were frequently presented. There can be little doubt that pictorial representations of these themes were in demand. R.V.R.'s works found encouragement and acceptance. To summarize briefly his Biblical scenes, I shall cite the following. Rembrandt avoided the days of creation, a frequent theme of preceding artists. To him, the Bible began with the transgression of Adam and Eve. By radically departing from the accepted portrayals of them as a pair of beautifully 2) "Rembrandt and the Bible" by Franz Landsberger. 3) Rembrandt was familiar with the Hebrew alphabet for he often used it in many of his religious paint- ings: It is believed that he studied the Hebrew language at a Dutch University. created beings, he depicts them after their sinful acts as objects of scorn and disgust. Their features and figures and those of the wicked serpent are dis- torted to unattractive proportions. His prejudice, morals and imagination are clearly reflected here, as in many other instances. He pictorially tries to judge and assay either man's sin, greed, and wicked- ness or his noble and God-fearing qualities. Jacob was a favorite character of R.V.R. An etching shows "Jacob Caressing His Son Benjamin" who is joyfully playing with an apple. This picture is representative of the intimacy of Jewish life. 2) Another sketch shows "Jacob Blessing Menasseh and Ephraim". Van Rijn had not forgotten how Joseph attempted to sway his father's hands so that the right would be upon the head of the elder and the left upon that of the younger. This action is clear- ly portrayed. The inclusion of Joseph's wife in this scene, even though not mentioned in the Bible, is based upon the Midrash. One painting definitely stands out to those fami- liar with the Prophets. In it a woman of middle age is shown seated upon a chair with a book in her lap. A boy with folded hands is kneeling beside her and is evidently being instructed in his first prayer. In the background is a couple holding an infant in their arms. The picture is regarded as re- presenting Hannah tutoring the child Samuel. The couple in the background are believed to be Hannah and Elkanah, who are first bringing Samuel to the Temple at Shiloh. This assumption is substantiated by the fact that on the wall of the room are two tablets with the ten commandments written upon them in Hebrew. 3) Completing the above series, there are three pictures covering the story of Samson and Delilah, a theme which fascinated our artist. The banquet scene has Samson's betrothed perched elegantly upon a throne, dressed as the maiden in the "Jewish Bride". On the table before her is the cup from which the wedded couple drink wine together, again attributed to R.V.R.'s knowledge of Jewish tradition. The two other paintings consist of (1) "Samson's Indignation at the Trickery of his Father-in-law" and (2) "The Blinding of Samson". We may be proud of the fact that the Jewish people were to a notable extent influential in the production of famous works by a renowned Chris- tian master who, through his work, has given pleasure and enlightenment to the world of art. 64 — ^a^^ Steia^^ec^ B/ HERBERT DYM X HE most striking feature one encounters in a perusal of John Steinbeck's works is the sheer literary genius with which the man is endowed. Con- noisseurs of literature the world over acclaim him as a writer with a sure but subtle feeling for literary effect, a storyteller with infinite skill in shaping the stuff of our lives in forms that delight the mind and the imagination. One of his more enthusiastic ad- mirers refers to him as ""a born musician, a finder of melodies, a natural shaper of harmonies, a Schu- bert or a Brahms".!) The reason for the esteem in which Steinbeck's works are held is not too easy to explain. It is not simply because of the lifelikeness or thruthfulness of his writings — these skills are at the command of many second-rate authors. There is something more present, a skill which defies exact description. It is probably a combination of various abilities such as verve, gusto, a delicate and individual touch, rich imagination, and boldness and freedom of expression. Whatever that skill is, Steinbeck has it in abundance. It must be admitted that this esteem for Stein- beck's writings is not universal. The last named quality of freedom of expression makes for a certain ruthlessness or cruelty in its treatment of human nature. The lack of compromise with which Stein- beck uncovers man's inhumanity to man does not always make pleasant or relaxing reading. There are some who think this boldness of writing over- done, that it is unkind and somehow immoral to present the truth so nakedly. They argue that there is no need for profanity or brutality in a novel. To this Steinbeck answers, "... The speech of working- men may seem a little bit racy to ladies' clubs but since ladies' clubs won't believe that such things go on anyway, it does not matter. I know this speech and I'm sick of workingmen being gelded of their natural expression until they talk with a fine Oxonian flavor ... A workingman bereft of his profanity is a silent man". However, everyone agrees that he does present the truth, and whether or not it should be treated in its unvarnished form is a matter of one's personal squeamishness. The recent trend in literature has been toward the frank, naked, realistic 1. American Fiction J.W. Beach, Pg. 310 facts of life and those who find this distasteful will have to resign themselves to it. Steinbeck's works deal primarily with the lowly people of the world, that is with the simple, help- less people for whom the question of the next meal is the major problem of daily existence. His greatest work on this subject is the world-famous "Grapes of Wrath". But before producing this superb masterpiece Steinbeck served his apprentice- ship with two earlier books which were widely read and hailed by most critics. The first of these was "Tortilla Flat" (1935) and the second was "Of Mice and Men" (1937). **TORTILLA FLAT" is unmistakably a literary feat. This book is a skillful blending of gra^■eness and playfulness, of sweet simplicity and gentle humor. The subject of the book is the paisano of Monterey, who is, as Steinbeck tells us, "a mixture of Spanish, Indian, Mexican, and assorted Caucasian bloods. He speaks a mixture of English and Spanish with a paisano accent". He lives on the outskirts of the town of Monterrey, has little propert)' and is even less subject to the civic and financial troubles of other citizens. Steinbeck's particular subject is one Danny and his friends Pilon, Pablo, Portagee Joe, Jesus Maria Corcoran and a certain ragamuffin called the Pirate. These men have no occupation, but live a "catch as catch can" existence, never looking any farther than the next meal or jug of wine. When Danny's grandfather dies, he leaves him two small unpainted houses as an inheritance. Danny promptly occupies one and finds himself for the first time in his life a man with a roof over his head, burdened with the cares of property. Unable to carry this burden alone, he invites his friends to join him. They occupy the second house, but never pay him any rent except for an occasional purloined chicken or jug of wine. Shortly, in their childlike irresponsibility, they burn down their house, and then promptly move in with Danny who welcomes them on condition that no one occupy his bed but himself. The Pirate and his five mangy dogs soon join them. A special corner is assigned to the dogs, and the\ all live happily together. 65 — In writing of Danny and his friends and of the eventful life they lead, Steinbeck brings his literary skill into full play. In his sure but subtle manner he brings the paisanos to life, endowing them with the quaint and humorous characteristics that merge them so successfully with their habitat. He presents them as frank in manner, fond of wine and women, full of charity, piety and good nature, and ingenious in their odd ways of obtaining food and drink. At the same time they are shiftless and lazy, ignorant and superstitious, inveterate if petty thieves, and closely akin to drunkards. On the whole they are charming in their simplicity and quaint in their un- conscious humor. Steinbeck answers the critics who were looking for a definite theme, thusly, "Far from having a definite theme running through this book, one of the intents is to show that rarely does anything in the lives of these people survive the night". One may conclude, therefore, that the blend- ing of these people with their background is an artistic circumstance and not presented as a social problem. CTEINBECK'S next major literary venture is in a way in a very different vein, as far removed as possible from the gentle comedy of "Tortilla Flat". "Of Mice and Men" is a tragic story of a friendship among migratory laborers, told with a blunt direct- ness and a severe economy of words which serves effectively to heighten the drama of the story. It is the tale of two men whose custom it is to move from ranch to ranch, earning a little stake, spending it in town as soon as they get it, and passing on to another place where money might be had. One of these men is the mentally defective Lennie, huge of frame and colossal in strengch, but as simple as a child and helplessly dependent on the care of his friend George. Although Lennie is a millstone round his neck, George is deeply attached to him, knowing that without him Lennie would be hope- lessly lost. The huge Lennie has a child's passion for small animals, which he loves to pet; but his strength is so great that the frail creatures are in- variably broken and killed, to his great sorrow. Although Lennie earnestly wishes to keep from doing wrong, he is constantly getting into trouble, de- pending on his friend George to extricate him. Final- ly, with the same good intentions, his great strength claims a woman for its victim, and George is forced to kill Lennie in order to save him from lynching. One simply must read this book in order to appreciate fully the degree of humanity and beauty with which Steinbeck invests this tragic episode. The almost paternal affection of George for his blundering friend and the sore, numbing grief he suffers over the necessity of finally dispatching him by his own hand — all this is brought home without any use of direct or sentimental phrase. It is Stein- beck's subtle effectiveness at its best, bringing his characters to vivid life. Throughout the story there lies the background of life in the bunkhouse, show- ing the essential decency and pathos of these rough, homeless men whom circumstance has condemned to a life of squalor. The story points out effectively the sore plight of these unfortunate migratory workers, but Steinbeck felt (although many disagree with him) that he did not get across the "earth longings of a Lennie who was not to represent in- sanity at all but the inarticulate and powerful yearn- ing of all men". Thus we see that in this book, unlike in the previously mentioned one, Steinbeck was not content only with the strictly imaginative fac- tors of the drama, but strived for a deeper meaning. Dr one to /^N looking back it is not too difficult for see how these two novels laid the groundwork for Steinbeck's greatest work. By the time he came to "Grapes of Wrath" he had acquired the experience and the deft touch necessary to make this novel both a literary masterpiece and a powerful sociological thesis. It is undoubtedly the finest example produced in the United States of the type of novel that deals primarily with a social problem. The story of "Grapes of Wrath" is simple and unadorned. It is the tale of a family of tenant farmers in Oklahoma, the Joads. Their crops are ruined by the great dust storms, they are deprived of their land by the banking syndicate, and like thou- sands of other "Okie" families they decide to em- bark on the long overland trek to California in the hope of finding employment. They acquire a rickety second-hand Hudson six, convert it into a sort of motorized covered wagon, slaughter their pigs for food, take along such possessions as are indispen- sable, and set out for California. The Joads are typical of the self-respecting peo- ple of old American stock who hardly had enough to fill their bellies. Their speech and manners are crude, but there is in them a sound root of wisdom and generosity, of courage and persistence. Tom, the eldest son, although a fine boy, has killed a man in a brawl. He is breaking parole by leaving the state, but he cannot abandon his family. Ex- preacher Casey, the thinker of the group, has lost 66 his faith in religion but is ardently seeking to find the way of truth and righteousness in human affairs. The strongest character of all is Ma, a veritable tower of strength in all that concerns the family welfare, and whose great mission is to keep the family intact. But it is her misfortune to see the members of the family fall away one by one under the stress of their experiences. The story describes the hardships of the journey to California, the deaths of Grandpa and Grandma, and the surprise of those remaining at finding them- selves unwelcome and despised in California. They are pushed around by the police, and fail to find decent employment. Casey is killed by strike-breakers, and Tom becomes a fugitive from the law. Daugh- ter Rosasharn's husband deserts her and her baby is born dead in a box-car during the autumn floods. The last scene shows Ma, Pa, and the three remain- ing children taking refuge in a barn where they find a man dying of starvation. Rosasharn nurses him back to life with the milk nature had intended for her child. Again it is necessary to read the book in order to gain the full flavor of the intense drama and poignant beauty which lie behind the simple narrative style in which Steinbeck presents his story. It sum- marizes, in essence, what must have gone on thou- sands of times in the great tragedy of the dust bowl. By the ingenious insertion of short but power- ful chapters which digress from the main narrative to cover the general situation, Steinbeck gives his story a broadening aspect, encompassing the hordes of mortals who are involved in the same epic migra- tion. Thus, along with the concrete incidents, one sees the social forces at play which give rise to these incidents. A fine example of this is the well-known chapter seven, with its dizzying riot of sales talk, bewildered and frightened farmers, old tires, wheezy motors, bargains, profits, and overall confusion. It is extremely well developed, almost like a poem in free verse. This book as a whole, as well as Steinbeck's earlier works, leaves several pertinent questions un- answered. Exactly what his economic theories are and how he proposes to apply them are difficult to ascertain. His books offer no specific answers to these questions. They point out what we already know: that our economic system, our methods of production and finance, involve innumerable instances of cruel injustice and hardship. It is clear that Steinbeck holds the community responsible for the man without work or food. He intimates that what cannot be cured by individual effort must be met by collective measures. It is important that people be made aware of the unsolved social problems within our system, and an effective way of doing this is to present actual vivid instances of these problems by means of fiction. For this reason, Steinbeck's works, particularly "Grapes of Wrath", are docu- ments of educational value. Steinbeck's works gain emotional power by deal- ing with social problems, but what makes them notable works of fiction is the very effective dramati- zation of these problems in individual situations and characters. Steinbeck's people are colorful, pitiful, racy, disorderly, well-meaning, ignorant, loyal and obstinate. They are brought to life by Steinbeck's unsurpassed skill as an author. Although these novels have been written re- cently, it is safe to predirt that they will remain foremost on the list of great American literature. By the same token, John Steinbeck has assured him- self of a niche in literary history alongside America's greatest authors for his masterful writing technique and his deft characterizations as e.xemplified in these novels. 67 BEGTHOIEnilASMylnMus HE freeing of a people from the stackles of bondage is a long and difficult process, and one that requires many leaders. However, the release of music from the bonds of conformity and classicism, and its consequent emergence as an independent art, was accomplished by Ludwig Van Beethoven in a relative- ly short time. There was not one phase of music that escaped the attention of Beethoven's genius. The arts of symphony, concerti, opera, sonata and chamber music composition were all changed by one man. The changes that were wrought shaped the develop- ment of music for succeeding generations. Beethoven was born into a poor and somewhat musical family. His father Johann, a musician, was never too successful in his profession because of his affinity for drink. His mother was a simple woman, devoted to her son. Young Beethoven showed a fair amount of talent at an early age, and his father decided to take advantage of it. Mozart, the child prodigy, had successfully toured the continent. Jo- hann was determined to give his son an opportunity to make his mark in society. The arranged tour was not successful and the father returned a disillusioned In his late teens, Beethoven went to Vienna, the center oi' musical life, with the financial assistance of Count Waldstein. With the aid of this generous nobleman, he was introduced to the aristocracy. He soon became the rage of society because of his virtuosity and his abUity to improvise on any given tune. The attitude of Beethoven toward the aristocracy which supported him, clearly shows his contempt for the forced inferior position which they imposed on his fellow musicians of that era. As a result of Beethoven's inflexible position, the musician attained his self respect and true worth in society. Up to Beethoven's time a composer had to rely on a patron for his subsistence. He spent his whole life pouring out work after work for the edification of his usually unappreciative patron. The classic example of this prototype is Haydn. Haydn spent over thirty years in the service of the Esterhazy family composing his By HERBERT LEIBOWITZ many symphonies and string quartets. This musical stagnation riled Beethoven's independent spirit. He resented being looked down on when in reality the composer, being a creative force of society, should be looked up to. Beethoven's attitude is reflected in the following incident. One day, while he was stroll- ing with the great German poet Goethe down a narrow street, a royal party approaching from the opposite direction sought to pass the compatriots by. Goethe stepped aside to let them pass, but Beethoven stood still, just nodding. His impassivity shocked Goethe who believed in the imperium of the upper class. Beethoven began taking lessons in counterpoint from Haydn, but the two forever fought over Beeth- oven's ideas. The cantankerous and classical Hadyn was peeved at, and troubled by, Beethoven's origin- ality. The two soon severed relations. The split was predestined, for Haydn represented the death of classicism with its stolidity, and Beethoven repres- ented the birth of romanticism with its accompany- ing emotion. Yet, it took many years before Beeth- oven grudgingly admitted learning much from Haydn. Beethoven began to compose with a prolific pen and his first two symphonies were performed while he was in his early twenties. The people and the critics did not understand the music, calling it dis- sonant; though Mozartean in style, it proved too radical for them, and was not a financial or artistic success. It is very strange and somewhat tragic tha the greatness of a composer is never recognized until after his death. Just about this time Beethoven received the first warnings of his impending deafness and as a result became subject to fits of despair. That a composer should lose his hearing is as cruel as a painter losing his eyesight. The musical world was unprepared for the next thunderbolt from the pen of Beethoven. His third symphony, subtitled the "Eroica", completely stunned them. Its very length, being twice as long as any previous symphony, was deplored. The audacity of putting a Funeral March in the form of the forgotten fugue in a symphony, astonished even the avant- garde of the time. However, as time is the true judge 68 — n of worth, the "Eroica" today is recognized as a mas- terpiece and its length is not annoying to the ear. The symphon) symbolizes freedom in the most pow- erful sense of the word. Beethoven, who was in- fluenced by the French Revolution, wrote the "Eroica" to express the feelings of an oppressed people liberated from the bonds of slavery and servi- tude. The majestic nobility of the Funeral March is enough to touch even the most bitter hearts. Beethoven was a great lover of nature. An ugly man, repulsive to the eye, he loved to wander through the hillsides of Austria to communicate with Nature's loveliness. His "Pastorale" symphony reflects this great love of nature. It was the first example of program music. Beethoven found in nature a refuge from the incessant bickering that perturbed mankind, and from his own deafness. Nature caused him to raise a joyful voice to Heaven in a song of gratitude to the Creator and an increased output flowed from his pen. The contribution of Beethoven to the field of opera was great despite the fact that he wrote only one opera, Fidelio. The topic he chose was, again, freedom of the individual. The orchestra was given more prominence and the dramatic meaning of the opera was increased in importance. These changes were the precursor of what Richard Wagner wrought later on. Fidelio caused Beethoven much grief due to its lack of popularity. It so embittered him that he never wrote another opera. The next phase of Beethoven's life was very un- productive. He wasted his time, and, more important, his strength, as the legal guardian of his nephew. The frivolity and shiftlessness of his charge preyed on Beethoven's mind and caused him to stop com- posing. It was only after he painfully severed rela- tions with his nephew that Beethoven, realizing he did not have much more time to live, started to com- pose again. Beethoven became morose and went into temporary seclusion during which time he wrote the greatest of all symphonies, symphony number nine, with a choral movement based on Schiller's Ode to Joy "O friends, no more these sounds continue! Let us raise a song of sympathy, of gladness. O joy, let us praise thee!". Beethoven long had toyed with the idea of using Schiller's text, and it was only after much deli- beration that he finally decided to inject the choral movement into the symphony. There were many innovations in the writing of the symphony. The kettle-drum, given a prominence as never before, is used to remarkable effect. The third movement is called the "epitome of Beethoven's many slow movements". The fourth Movement in- corporates the chorus in the symphony for the first time. The impact of the chorus is so great that it intensifies the cry for brotherhood. Such eloquence has never been surpassed in the annals of music. There was an element of tragedy at the conclusion of the first performance of this symphony in Vienna. With the audience loudly acclaiming him, Beethoven heard nothing as he continued beating time after time the coda. He had to be turned to see the acclamation. Beethoven continued composing and in his last works, sonatas and string quartets, he reached the depths of introversion and maturity. He died amid a tremendous clap of thunder just as Lord Byron had died. It was very apt that the free world, fighting against the tyranny of Hitler, adopted the opening theme of Beethoven's fifth Symphony as the symbol of victory against despotism, for all his life Beethoven fought against all that Hitler exemplified. Beethoven was a revolutionist and his effect on musical composition will be eternal. His greatness, though, is manifested even more by his love for his fellow man and the brotherhood he hoped for. If we were to live up to the ideals set for us by this great master, the world would be a much better one. — 69 TIME By JOSEPH KAHANE I've sat and pondered many a day About this question of age. Why must we grow old and gray And someday leave this stage? When I was young this bothered me not. Why, I was happy and glad. Who'd think of things so eerie and odd Who'd think of things so sad? I gained a year not long ago And I'll gain another soon. Why it was nine when last I looked And soon it will be noon. Seconds steal into hours And hours, just twenty-four make a day While days turn into years so quick And years turn black hair gray. Sducatm B/ ALAN SEELENFREUND Is education what we need To love G-d's law, and His word heed? Does education tell us why in life We face so much hardship and strife Is education of any value When cold clammy death does near you? Does it help the tiller of the soil In completing his work and easing his toil? Does it benefit the miner down in the shaft Who may be led to death like an innocent calf? The warmonger in fury stoking his furnace. Does education stop him from being a menace? Does education keep us from perpetual wars Which leave on mankind terrible scars? Does it aid and comfort you when you fear death, And grasp in desperation your last breath? Still education must have a worth, /f Or else why expose us to it from birth. ' ■ Just what it is I cannot say, But I hope to understand it some day. I guess education is here to stay. H»oy^ 'T^ Sxfi^cUtca*t t^t 'pisUiecC K, , OMAR had been planning for 400 years to have the inhabitants of Kur colonize the third planet of the Kurian solar system. As seen through the powerful Kurian telescopes 400 years ago, the Green Planet seemed to be a potential paradise for the teeming masses that inhabited Kur. It was known that two-legged creatures dominated the planet but Komar considered them to be only savages and easily overcome by the Kurians. Before he would trust sending a colonizing ex- pedition by way of the anti-gravitational machines, he sent some exploration expeditions to get a closer look at the planet and to bring back pictures of it and of its intricate details. The first expedition should have arrived there about 1660. It had not returned and Komar waited 250 years for a more perfect antigravitational to be made before sending the second and third expedi- tions. These two also had not returned. The fourth expedition had been sent in 1940. It was now 1946. Twenty anti-gravitationals had left Kur in four expeditions and none had re- turned. The population of Kur had trebled since the last census, and according to Komar's original plan, the colonization was to have begun 200 years ago. He wondered why none of the expeditions had returned. The last machine had been sent equipped with an automatic homing device. While Komar was contemplating the problem, his viewer-phone rang and informed him of the return of the latest machine. He quickly went to the landing station and entered the machine. The members of the crew were dead, without a visible mark on them. Their features were a hideous contortion of terror. It had been ages since Komar had seen a dead Kurian, and it enraged and disgusted him at the same time. Komar examined the photographs taken by the ill- fated expedition, and found that the last plate showed red and black colorings and nothing else. What was it about these photographs that could have shocked his explorers to death? Did the same thing prevent the other expeditions from returning? Komar decided with grim determination to find out for himself. Another exploratory anti-gravitational 2.y BERNARD ERLBAUM was prepared. It was outfitted with pilot, navigator, photographer, and scientist, with Komar as observer. Levar was appointed as head of Kurian affairs while Komar was gone. Levar was an Anti-Colo- nialist, and believed that Kur itself had facilities to give adequate homes to all native Kurians now, and for many years in the future. The trip was an interesting one for Komar, who had never before left his own planet. Soon the Green Planet was sighted, and the tremendous speed of the anti-gravitational was decreased. To Komar the sphere seemed more beautiful than it had through the tele- scope. He could not conceive what this wonderful thing could possess that had terrified the former expedition, thus causing its destruction. As the anti- gravitational entered the planet's atmosphere, Komar saw a silvery object floating through the air toward him. The object was a flying machine, obviously inferior in all respects to the Kurian anti-gravita- tional, but it was undoubtedly piloted by one of the more intelligent creatures that inhabited the planet. Komar, unwilling to make contact as yet, ordered a speedy getaway. As the machine sped over vast areas of blue, and then beautiful green plains, the photo- graphic mechanism worked steadily. The machine was speeding serenely along when suddenly the green below was interrupted by a mass of expanding red and yellow, that consumed the green and transformed it to black. ""How disgusting," Komar thought. He asked the scientist what this strange red mass was. The scientist answered that it was completelv stranoe to him too, but that he would gladl)- analyze it if some of it could be gotten. Thereupon, a specimen of the unknown substance was obtained, and the scientist touched the red portion. It stung him, and blackened his limb. Undaunted, he examined it more closely. Suddenly terror spread over his features, for it was an oxygen-eating, carbon-creating beast that probably inhabited this planet. "We will never be able to settle here," he thought. All at once the thought of a creature that devoured oxygen struck them. This was a planet inhabited by a beast that was consuming the Kurian's sole life-maintainer at an enormous rate. Komar, dvinq of shock, now realized — 71 — why the others hadn't returned. The shock suddenly Semitic languages looked up, thought awhile, and overcame the pilot too, the anti-gravitation creator realized to his amazement that the London Fire in was cut off, and the machine began streaking toward 1666, the Chicago and San Francisco fires at the the ground . . . turn of the centur)', the Hiroshima fire after the Here the log found inside the so called flying dropping of the A-bomb, and a large but only or- saucer that had crashed in Arizona ended with sick- dinary forest fire had all combined to save the people ening abruptness. Dr. Manly Bern, professor of of the earth from probable annihilation. Eternalized Words By BERNARD ERLBAUM "Give me liberty, or give me death". Are words inspiring many a one's last breath. Four U.S. airmen entombed in a Red dungeon. Recall these staunch words that struck like a bludgeon. "Not one cent for tribute, but millions for defense". What a world of common sense! If that's the policy we would adhere to now. No bullying would there be from bloody Moscow. "Don't fire till you see the whites of their eyes". Shouts a battle-worn captain in Chosen. Then a soldier shoots and another dies, And from the north, a stench-filled wind blows "We have met the enemy and they are ours", America has prevailed throughout the years; No matter how great were their iron towers, We always won with blood, sweat, and tears. "Lafayette, we are here", again and again. When will it come, oh when, oh when? The time that we come to France, not to fight, But to tour and enjoy, the Parisian night. "Don't give up the ship". Whether on the sea or of state. All our foes we will whip. And show them how low they rate. "Gentlemen cry peace, peace, but theic is no peace", A palace in Paris points to that plea. What matters who serves, whether White Russia or Greece, Just stay the world wide from self -butchery. How alive are these words. As if they were uttered by those living today. But they are now the Lord's; He won't let them perish in limbo, as mortals may. — 72 — Changing Views Of The American Revolution D. 'elving into the life of the times that tried men's souls has produced a number of novels of the American Revolution. These novels can be classified according to the period during which they were written. If the book was published on or before 1880, the writers were too close to the revolution to have a true perspective. Consequently, these writers saw the revolution purely as a military in- cident and busied themselves with a resume of its strateg) and glorification of its heroes. All the Redcoats and Tories were pictured as villains while Washington and his men were the heroes. The notable exception of this school of thought was James Fenimore Cooper, a writer who tended to present both sides of the story. His novel "The Spy", pictured the war as distinctly fratricidal. Recent novels show a clearer perspective of those times. They have been more frank in presenting the ignoble as well as the heroic aspects of the war. Many of them reverse conventional opinions of the past including traditionally held opinions of men such as Benedict Arnold and Thomas Paine. There also have been tendencies to make a case for the Tories and the English. . I shall attempt to delve at length into the treat- ment accorded to the last named individuals or groups by writers past and present. The case of Benedict Arnold will be considered first. Past writers have made his name synonomous with that of traitor. They pictured him as a jeal- ous person constantly in debt, one who betrayed his country for a price, and as one who was only too glad to have the chance to hand West Point over to the British. A story is told of the prisoner who was asked by Arnold what the Americans would do to him if he were captured. The answer came promptly. "They will cut off that short leg of yours that was wounded at Quebec and Saratoga and bury it with all the honors of war, then hang the rest of you as a traitor." This more or less was the opinion of most of the early writers on Arnold. However, a new concept of Benedict Arnold has emerged with present day writers. Kenneth Roberts By MARVIN BLACKMAN in his book "Rabble in Arms" sheds a completely different light on Arnold's so-called betrayal. In order to explain how he arrived at this conclusion, a closer look at conditions during this period is necessary. Congress at the time was different from the pres- ent day Congress in these respects. It had no Presi- dent who could assist it, and no Senate to control it; neither Supreme Court to guard and direct it, nor Cabinet to inform it. Because of these condi- tions it had no power over the different states. Yet, since it exercised control over our army it was the Government even though the states would not admit its authority. Inasmuch as it did not have the powers to tax, and since the currency it printed had no value, it was obliged to turn to some source for money. And so it turned to France. By doing so, it put a sort of desperation into the hearts of the patriots who knew France and the French. Congress was extremely prejudiced on the subjea of the French. Any French officer who came to Congress demanding a commission in the army re- ceived it immediately, regardless of his ability or lack of same. At the same time, it still withheld from Arnold the rank of Major-General despite his brilliant efforts which had so amply earned it. Arnold knew at long last that the muddle-headed politicians in Congress who were piling blunder upon blunder, were, in spite of all our sacrifices, forcing us closer and closer to chaos, into the eager arms of France, a nation whose grip would be more despotic and tyrannical than that of England. To this world Arnold said "No! This imbecilic, coward- ly Congress must not destroy the freedom that we have fought so hard to gain." If Arnold sought to give everything to England until we had regained our strength, it was done only with the highest, patriotic intention to fight a threat greater than that of England. It was only an occurrence that could not have been foreseen that branded Arnold a traitor. This was the Constitu- tional Convention that corrected the inefficiencies of Congress. Had this country fallen into French 73 — hands, Arnold might have been seen in the light of a hero and not that of traitor to his country. The next case I should like to consider is that of another patriot, Tom Paine. Early writers described him as a filthy little atheist. They completely forgot his rallying the American forces, giving them the incentive to fight the Eng- lish. The fact that Paine had written a treatise called "The Age of Reason" which completely broke down many religious principles and completely de- bunked religion, overshadowed all else. They also found fault with him in that he had written a letter to George Washington, villifying him. This did not hurt Washington but it did damn Paine. Modern writers, however, such as Howard Fast in his book "Citizen Tom Paine" take a more lib- eral attitude. Fast sees in Paine a writer whose words in "Common Sense" and "The Crisis Papers" stirred and spurred his new fellow countrymen far more than any other words by tongue or pen, with the possible exception of that of the Declaration of Independence. While all men were hesitating over the audacity of final separation from Britain, Paine spoke out. "Why falter? Why delay.' Be free. A great destiny is before you. Show yourselves worthy of it." He preached Federal Union, that petty jeal- ousies and local narrowness be forgotten. "Our great title is 'Americans', our inferior one varies with the place". It was he who coined the phrase THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Fast acknowledges that Paine wrote "The Age of Reason." "Does that detract from the fact that Paine was really one of the main reasons for the success of our country . . . and one to whom we as a nation owe a debt.'" He throws insults on the people who denounced Paine, a man whose slogan was ever "Nil Desperandum". On Paine's return from France he was denied the right to vote. Here was a man whose efforts towards the establishment of our government helped estab- lish this right of suffrage, being denied the right to vote. Because of this, Paine's slogan "Nil Des- perandum" was aptly mistranslated in later life into "Nothing but despair". My last subject is how writers have treated Rebels and Loyalists. I don't think I have to devote many words to the subject of how writers of the past depicted "Loyalists". The reason is that today, after the lapse of 150 years, readers still do not like to hear of the rascality of the patriotic leaders nor of the brutality of Tory-baiting mobs. When Kenneth Roberts recently published his book "Oliver Wis- well", which defended the Loyalist viewpoint, a storm of criticism was unleashed. Had this been written when public opinion did not permit any deviation from the accepted viewpoint of Loyalist treachery, burning this writer at the stake would have been possibly the lightest sentence imposed. "Oliver Wiswell" is, in short, an apologia for colonials who remained loyal to the crown. They had taken an oath of allegiance to the king, and since their opinion of any one who renounced that oath was a low one, they believed themselves in the right. They were in the majority, and their battalions fought valiantly; but they had the mis- fortune to be caught between the British regulars who refused to consider them competent, and the Rebels who regarded them as traitors. In this book John Hancock is depicted as a smuggler, Patrick Henry a rabble rouser, and Samuel Adams a snob mistrustful of the "Sons of Liberty". The British also come in for their share of debunking. It is apparent from the above illustrations that the era of the Revolutionary War has been given varied treatment by writers of fiction both past and present. Early writers regarding the Revolu- tion as a military incident, busied themselves with reviewing its strategy and glorifying its heroes. Latter day writers, through different perspectives, have reconstructed its social and economic phases and have given greater attention to the civilian ele- ment. Some recent writers have chosen particular controversial incidents of the war rather than great names. A revisionist attitude has developed in re- — 74 — i! gard to characters like Paine and Arnold, among others. The sense of bewilderment over changing conditions now enters the picture, and the bungling on both sides of the conflict has been exposed. The times that tried men's souls have produced a great number of historical novels, each one endeav- oring to present to us a clearer picture and better understanding of our American Revolution. By ALAN SQHEK Whether from the mountains, Or the prairie, or the sea. The sunrise and sunset, Are like miracles to me. And when a garden in the spring. Is bursting into bloom, It seems to be a tapestry On a master-weaver's loom. And in the winter, when the snows Have covered all in white, Purity does seem to reign. And say that good is right. So, whether a mid-summer's night, Or some crisp, cold, winter's morn. Forget vour strifes and troubles, and Be glad that you were born. We are very proud to announce that the following graduates have won State Scholarships this year: CHARLES COHEN HERBERT DYM MENDEL GURFEIN ISAAC SHERMAN DAVID SILBER JACOB SILVERMAN NOAH TEITELBAUM We are equally proud of those graduates who have won State Scholar- ships in past years. ^^ — 76 ■ ready work; ; > V Pilntln: Whiti-' Slicot. PFING CLERK ASSISTAN ';..;; c<rlp ncctr'ca!, 5 aavs. 58 houri .P"" ;;r, advg ncOMi.".-.;. WA S-5080. Meet. young lity; rcferen Iluent Eni-lish-spanBh.* Leading :s Jirm offers permanent position, : startlnc salary, advancement opportunities; medical, hospitalization, other benefits; congenial surroundings. Replies held confidential. Mu^t prti plete lacts for WlOir, 5pinq Clerks (lO'l, $50-60-7C T"nes Downtown. VVK irrv fo WiRRFN ST NYc'^'"'<'"'r '*'<5R. lo $IO,CO0+. Phclls. elhi- gyA_AGCV_EO yV ARREN ST , NYC, ^j,^ ^^pj ^_j ^ndwest CO sees here HIP CLK, GARM, $60-$65 day:_ojpXy. M ERIDIAN Ag cy , j„t Abbye Ascy, 112 W 42.1 ,^^."^''^. »''jP<'L"g ..»lh .-il ivirvv:^ Day & Nighf Shifts nENT\' .\r.l-.l:inl. II nref'.r .; ii.it »•;^; •M nr.sK. 1 ' ■6. ,o cii 1 1; . OFFICE BOY Prtfer H S Junior or Senior not plan to attend day collect. Exec office: variety chain. Write M. H LAf"".TON, Inc. ntfrii •laiiicVi' — I PURCHASING v.ijor pclroleu w York hss excellent « istaiidlni: Purchssmc As imum 10 yean* experience : of job purc'na^lnc. Please i resume tncludlnc past m Your reply Is conlidentlal X2563 TIM! (§\xv ^yucigngu^a d"' niDK' 'D3in2 "nj:i;"i t^•^Po '? v^v^ Compliments of . . . HRST CONGREGATION ANSHE SFARD OF BORO PARK 4502 14th Avenue BrooklYn, N. Y. Compliments of . . . YOUNG ISRAEL OF BORO PARK Compliments of . . . JUDEA CENTER SYNAGOGUE 2059 Bedford Avenue Brooklyn 25, New York Samuel Bienstock, Pres. Dr. Meir Felmon, Rabbi. 2-:2 TV r.-.ix ;:- i-\:'-: To The Jewish Youth Belongs The Jewish Future Compliments of . . . YOUNG ISRAEL OF BEDFORD BAY 2519 Avenue U Brooklyn, N. Y. Compliments cf . . . YESHIVAH OF CROWN HEIGHTS The Officers and Benjamin Weiser, President Compliments of . . . CONG. SHOMREI EMUNAH CONG. CHOVEVEI TORAH 885 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn 13, N. Y. Best Wishes to . . . LOUIS BERNSTEIN from Mrs. L. Rubin Congratulations to . . . LOUIS Upon His Graduation from The Bernstein Family Congratulations to . . . LOUIS from W. Brickman & Son Congratulations to . . . MARVIN from Mom, Dad and Eileen Congratulations to . . . SHELDON On His Graduation Mom and Dad Congratulations to . . . SHELDON On His Graduation Carolyn Congratulations to . . . ELLIOT ABERBACH Best Wishes to . . . LEON BERNSTEIN On His Graduation from Mother Father and Sisters Congratulations to LEON from His Family Lots of Luck to . . . LEON from Mr. and Mrs. S. Katz and Shimmy Congratulations to LOUIS On His Graduation 79 — Compliments of . . . Best Wishes to . . . MR. & MRS. A. 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Successful Future To Our Son, IRWIN Mr. & Mrs. David Fogel and Roslyn A Friend of SIDNEY GOLDSTEIN Best Wishes to . MENDY Mom and Dad — 81 Good Luck to the . . . GRADUATING CLASS from Class 2B In Honor of the Graduation . . . Of Our Nephew Mr. and Mrs. B. Neugebom and Jerrold David In Honor of the Graduation . . . Of Our Son AARON Mr. and Mrs. A. Freiman and Grandma Congratulations to . . . AARON On His Graduation from Grandmother Ida Freiman Best of Luck . . . To Our Son HAROLD FRIEDLANDER On His Graduation from Mom and Dad Good Luck to the . . . GRADUATING CLASS from Class GA and a Hearty "Ahah, Ahah, Ahah," Congratulations to . . . RICHARD Upon His Graduation Mr. and Mrs. M. Garber & Daughter Congratulations to . . . THE GRADUATING CLASS Rabbi Klein Success to . . . THE GRADUATES OF 1952 Mr. and Mrs. Elias M. Felig A Friend of NEIL ISRAEL Lots o( Luck to . . , Our Dear Son NEIL On His Graduation from Mother and Father A friend of . . . A. KEVELSON Congratulations to . . . 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DAVID DAVID On His Graduation From His Parents Uncle Harry and Aunt Anne Good Luck to . . . Mr. and Mrs. S. Silber JACKIE SILVERMAN Mary and Irving Silverman CompHments of . . . From a Friend of . . . MR. & MRS. J. SMITH In Honor Of STANLEY ROSENBERG Eliott Spar A Friend of . . . MORRIS STILLMAN — 86 — Best Wishes to . . . JOSHUA TEITELBAUM from Cousins Essy & Morris Beeber & FamilY Best Wishes to . . . JOSHUA His Uncles & Aunts Bernard <& Elizabeth Teitelbaum Isroel & Florence Teitelbaum Simcha & Rose Teitelbaum Matthew & Sonia Mandelbaum Congratulations to . . . MORRIS On His Graduation Mr. and Mrs. J. Stillman and Sheila Congratulations to . . . N. JOSHUA TEITELBAUM irom Mr. & Mrs. Shiffman 3706 Ave. S Brooklyn Congratulations to . . . JOSHUA from Mendy, Lucia & Ira Joseph Kroo Best Wishes to . . . JOSHUA TEITELBAUM from The Rosenblum Family Paterson, N. J Congratulations to . JOSHUA From His Grandmothers Mrs. Choyn Teitelbaum Mrs. Sarah Meyerowitz Congratulations to . . . Our Dearest Son SAMMY In Honor of His Graduation Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Wagshal Congratulations to . . . JOSHUA from Adelmon Family 1089 East 17th Street Brooklyn, N. Y. Congratulations to . . . JOSHUA TEITELBAUM from Tonteh Chaytse In Honor of . . . Their Son MARTIN'S Graduation Mr. and Mrs. S. Wunderlich In Honor of . . . MARTIN WUNDERLICH'S Graduation Mr. and Mrs. H. Goldberg and Family — 87 In Honor of . . . Martin Wunderlich On His Graduation Mr. Oscar Hartman & Family Compliments of . . . Mr. & Mrs. Zelelsky In Honor of Their Son MELVIN'S Graduation Congratulations to . . . Our Son STANLEY Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Zahner In Memory of . . . V. BECKER In Loving Memory of . . . My Father Miriam Warshaw Best Wishes to . . . STANLEY ZAHNER from Mr. and Mrs. J. Bassiur and Daughters In Memory of . . . My Grandparents Nathan and Sarah Sharashoff Congratulations to . . . MELVIN from The Walsh Family Circle Congratulations to . . . MELVIN from The Goldberg Family In Memory of . . . Our Dear Beloved Parents The Telsey Family & Grandchildren A FREND Compliments of MR. & MRS. SAM KLEIN 2227 78th Street Brooklyn, New York 89 IRVING KEVELSON NAT KEVELSON AL KEVELSON ^^ ACE ASBESTOS MFG., CO. 451 Communipaw Avenue Jersey City, New Jersey — 90 — ;'■ i In Memory of Our Beloved Father & Mother I MENDEL & HANA HAUSMAN Who Hare Demonstrated During Their Lifetime An Unselfjsh Devotion to the Cause of Tor ah and have Taught us to do likeivise. We are Happy to follow their Teachings. MR. & MRS. NATHAN HAUSMAN MR. & MRS. BENJAMIN KATZ MR. & MRS. MAX AUSTER MR. & MRS. PAUL KWESTEL AND OUR CHILDREN i i Congratulations to . JOSEPH Upon His Graduation from Fleming-Jaffe Ltd. WhWumiu. mmmmmmsm Famous for Continental Chocolates Greetings from BARTOJJ 53 retail chocolate shops in New York, Newark and Detroit. Closed on the Sabbath and all Jewish holidays. Open Sundays. KANDEL, SCHAEFFER CO. Certified Public Accountants Empire State Building New York 1, N.Y. LAckawanna 4-9495-6 91 — YOUNG MOTORS.. INC. DE SOTO • PLYMOUTH 1679-89 Bedford Avenue Opposite Ebbets Field Brooklyn 25, N.Y. SAMUEL WAGER BUckmmster 4-4444, 7-9700 Best Wishes . . . BESTFORM FOUNDATIONS Inc. MR. & MRS. MAX DOFT 9 64-74 West 23rd Street New York 16, N. Y. 92 Compliments of . . . MR. MARTIN KLEIN SAM SCHF.TNMAN AND FAMILY AND FAMILY Compliments of . . . Milrose Rambam Chateau Auditorium SCHOCHTIM UNION 1830 Pitkin Ave. 3121 Kings H'way OF GREATER NEW YORK Brooklyn 12, N.Y. Brooklyn 10, N.Y. Local 730 A. F. L. HY 8-2980 NA 8-3972 799 Broadway -IK'S GRamercY 3-4294 Catering For Weddings Confirmations, Banquets E. Meltzer President M. Goodman Vice President M. Leiter Secretary Rabbi H. J. Hirsch & Weltman G. Lederman Manager Caterers YESHIVA UNIVERSITY WOMEN'S ORGANIZATION Brooklyn Division Mrs. Joseph Greenberg President GE 6-4797 - 0332 J. Rosenfeld BEDDING MANUFACTURER'S OUTLET Direct from Factory to You Mattresses* - Quilts - Pillows Specializing in the remaking of Mattresses, etc. 4306-8 12th Ave. B'klyn 19, N.Y. Compliments of . . . BERDIE'S CORSET SHOPPE 384 Kingston Ave. Brooklyn, N.Y. Tel: PR 3- air-conditioned BERT AND HELEN'S CANDY STORE "Service With A Smile" Bedford Ave. corner President St. BLECHER AND LISS Kosher Meats and Poultry Market 303 Albany Ave. PR 4- Greetings From . . . BLOCK PUBLISHING COMP. America's Headquarters of Hebrcrica & Judaica Send for Catalogues and Bloch's Book Bulletin 31 West 31st St. Nev^ York 1, N.Y. Tel: LOngacre 4-2040 DR. & MRS. O. H. BLOOM I closed on Saturdays 94 Compliments ot . . . MR. and MRS. LOUIS CHESIR BENJE FLAMMEY and FAMILY Compliments of . . . CHILDHOOD DR. & MRS. H. S. FRANK NURSERY PRODUCTS AND DAUGHTERS 471 4th Avenue Floria, Anita and Deborah New York City (Humor Editor of Elchanite 1930) A. J. Rabinowitz, Ph. G. Compliments of . . . 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FROM A FRIEND Bar Mitzvah Party Sweet Sixteen Party? Any Party? Let HERSHI'S KNISHOP, INC. Cater it for you. 4903 12th Avenue Brooklyn, N.Y. GE. 8-9650 Compliments of MR. & MRS. SAMUEL HONIG Compliments of . . . For The Best of Spirits For Your Simchas MR. <S MRS. SIDNEY INDYK LINCOLN AND SONS WINES & LIQUORS 115 Longham Street Imported & Domestic Brooklyn, N.Y. 407 Tompkins Avenue, B'klyn, N.Y. near Jefferson St. NA. 8-3627 We Buy and Sell Antiques & Furniture A. KASOWSKY LINOLEUM PRODUCTS Decder in CORP. ARTS, GIFTS and ANTIQUES furniture - furnishing - brica-a-bracs 1006 Clinton St. Special Prices for Decorators Hoboken, N.J. 1475 Coney Island Ave. Brooklyn 30, N.Y., near Ave. K. Compliments of . . . Compliments of . . . MR. & MRS. OSCAR KRAVITZ MONROE SUPPT-TES CO.. INC. Compliments of . . . Compliments of . . . MR. <S MRS. HAROLD LEVINE QUEENSBORO MILLS CO. AND FAMILY 9S I In Honor Of Our Father and Mother CAROL <S JUDY ROSENZWEIG Compliments of . . . MR. & MRS. 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Phone ST 6-0200 CHOPEUX DE MOCHE Millinery — Blouses — Sportswear 4882 -13th Ave., Brooklyn DYCKMAN'S Watches and Diamonds 73 V/. 47th St., N.Y.C. CIRCUS AQUARIUM Tropical Fish — Tanks — Food 847 Franklin Ave, B'klyn. ST 3-9376 L. EDISON 1625 47th Street Brooklyn, N. Y. emeus BOX Games— Toys— Dolls— Hobby Cratt 847 Franklin Ave., B'klyn. ST 3-9376 ELWOOD HABERDASHERS Men and Boys Wear 5115 13th Ave.,B'klyn. closed Saturdays IN MEMORY OF A LOST SUMMER CHARLES I. COHEN EMPIRE CUSTOM HATTERS Finest Custom Mode Hats 316 Kingston Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y. MR. & MRS. COHEN & SONS 427 Summit Ave. Cedarhurst, N. Y. Compliments of . . . MR. & MRS. MORRIS FEDER Compliments of . . . MR. & MRS. FEIGELMAN GARB DAIRY PRODUCTS FEIT and JAffE 810 Washington Ave. Brooklyn, N. Y. Compliments of , . . MR. & MRS. FRANCISCO GLUCK 1340 President Street Brooklyn, N. Y. FERNDALE FARMS Inc. Milk-and-Milk Products 219 Liberty Ave., Brooklyn Compliments of G. O. Candidates . . . MICHA BOTKNECHT JOSEF E. FISCHER NAHUM GORDON ZALMAN SCHRADER Compliments of . . . P. FLAMMEY Compliments of . . MR. & MRS. GOLIGER and FAMILY A FORMER STUDENT Compliments of . . . GREENBAUM'S GROCERY 61 Church Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y. Weddings, Parties & Bar Mitzvahs L. FREEDMAN Delicatessen & Restaurant STEAKS & CHOPS OUR SPECIALTY PR 3-9618 881 Nostrand Ave. THE GROSS FAMILY 1102 -56th Street Brooklyn, N. Y. Best Wishes from . . . A Friend of the Yeshiva GROSSMAN'S CLOTHES SHOP 1914 -3rd Ave., N.Y.C. Smart clothing for men - ladies - boys Compliments of . . . MR. & MRS. FRUCHTHANDLER C. HALBFINGER Reliable Toy and Stationary Store 125 Utica Ave., Brooklyn 102 JACK'S Quality Fruits <S Vegetables 5009 13th Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y. JOCHNOWITZ Butter and Eggs Co. Greetings from . . - DAVID KATZOFF Chiropractor DE 9-4532 Compliments of . . . RABBI & MRS. A. KLEIN 2841 W. 5th Street Brooklyn 24, N. Y. Compliments of . . . MR. & MRS. SAM KOPEL MR. & MRS. M. KOTKES KRESSNER POULTRY & EGG CO. "The Freshest Eggs on the Market" DAVID KRIEMAN 4722 Snyder Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y. Compliments of . . . RABBI & MRS. EMANUEL LAZAR 683 Essex Street Brooklyn 8, N. Y. Compliments of . . . MR. & MRS. MAURICE LEBOWITZ and FAMILY 1266 45th Street Brooklyn 11, N. Y, THE LEVINE FAMILY LEWIS and ROSENTHAL Leather 101 -Gold St., N.Y.C. Compliments of . . . MR. & MRS. CHARLES LISS NORMAN and SYLVIA The only Shomer Shabbos milkman in Boro Park MR. J. LOWENHEIM GE 5-9840 Compliments of . . . WILLIAM MARKOWITZ 456 De Witt Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y. DR. & MRS. J. MAYER Compliments of . . . DONALD MAYERSON Compliments of . . . MR. & MRS. MORRIS OLSHIN D. Mn.T.ER 13 Essex St., N.Y.C. Home of Kosher Cheese Compliments of . . . MR. & MRS. BEN PECHMAN Compliments of . . . NATIONAL GIFT SHOPS 4510-24 13th Avenue Brooklyn 19, N. Y, PHILLIP'S DAIRY 1908 Avenue U Brooklyn, N. Y. MRS. JENNIE NEUSTADTER MR. <S MRS. S. POLSTEIN MR. & MRS. M. NEUSTADTER and FAMILY DR. & MRS. E. RAPPAPORT Compliments of . . . NU-ART DENTAL LABORATORY RICHMOND PAPER and TWINE CO. Compliments of . . . MR. & MRS. JACOB OLSHIN ABRAHAM RIESS Public Accountant 611 Bedford Ave., B'klyn, N. Y. MAX OLSHIN SAN MARTINA WINES 79 Warburton Avenue Yonkers, N. Y, — 104 Compliments ol B. SARACHEK Sporting Goods MR. & MRS. MORRIS SCHEDNfBERG MARK SCHENK 3342 Bedford Ave. Brooklyn 10, N. Y. SCHLESEMGER Meat & Poultry Market 5504 16th Avenue Bet. 55 & 56 Sts. B'klyn. 4, N.Y. SELDOWITZ and ZIFF Compliments of . . . MR. & MRS. CHARLES SEGAL 1379 E. 8th Street Brooklyn 30, N. Y. ISRAEL SKILOWITZ and SONS Manufacturers of Kosher Smoked Meat Products 4914 - 13th Ave., Brooklyn SMITH BENNY SALES CO. 11 W. 42nd Street, N.Y.C. CH 4-1642 MR. & MRS. SAM SOBEL 183 Beach 68 Street Rockaway, Queens S & P FRUITERERS 1921 Avenue U Brooklyn, N. Y. Greetings to . . . Seymour and Leonard Richter MR. & MRS. SPILKY MR. & MRS. D. STEINBERG and MYRNA SUZANNE SHOE OUTLET 2217a Ave X. B'klyn fe have a complete line of high quality shoes U.S. TAG CO. 552 W. Broadviray New York 12, N.Y, RABBI & MRS. S. L. TEITELBAUM and ZIPPORAH GEORGE TELSEY Linoleum and Inlaid 4826 -3rd Avenue Brooklyn, N.Y. — 105 — Compliments of MR. and MRS. J. WEISELMAN Mr. Louis Beer Belmont Bakery Paul Bidinger Herbie Blatt Brief Bakery Brooks Pharmacy Chick's Bicycle Store Dr. Harry G. Chodroff Davette & Elliott Cohen Datz Pharmacy Deutch & Benny's Meat Market Miss Duhl E. & L. Self-Service Grocery Engelman Meat Market Englard Abraham & Jeanette Erlbaum Hyman 1. Folk D.D.S. Famous Beers Inc. Feldman's Grocery Mr. Samuel Feuer Gerald Fogel Jewelry Mr. & Mrs. M. Freedman Mr. A. Friedman Roberta & Leslie Gier Goldberg's French Cleaners Goldfarb's Bakery Goldstein's Bakery M. Greenwald — Kosher Meat J. Grossberg's Pharmacy Herman's Pharmacy S. Hoffman's Uncle I G. Lamd Mfg. Co. Irving's Fruit Market Kaplan Bros. Kaplan's Fish Mkt. Lobelia Kaufman Mr. & Mrs. Phillip Kipust MRS. ROBERTA L. ZUCKERBERG tendered a Bar Mitzvoh party to all of Hyam' friends on Sunday Sept. 23, 1951. Emanuel Lebowitz Levy's Grocery Louis' Delicatessen Mr. & Mrs. Fred Lowenstien & Son Eli Mackta H. Marcus Donald Mayerson Mr. & Mrs. S. Mehl & Family Melnick & Levenson Meats Mrs. Gussie Mindlin Mr. & Mrs. Isaac Newman Mr. & Mrs. Samuel Newman Beulah & Phillis Olshin Nathan Olshin Paul & Harry's Luncheonette Peggy & Rollies Candy Store Dr. Pelner Mr. L. Saclow Saxon's Pharmacy Allan Scher L. Schneider's friend E. Schren Semal & Son Grocery Singer's Pharmacy Mr. & Mrs. Siegal & Daughters Mr. & Mrs. Charles Silber Joseph Tanowitz Mr. & Mrs. M. Trenk M. Wolfish Jack Weilgus Weise Photographers Windsor Lumber & Trim Corp. Windsor Pants Shop Young's Bakery Zewkil's Fish Market Louis Zdatney 106 DEPARTMENT oc- ^, ^^.